Summary: The Skill Mill is a Social Enterprise that provides paid jobs and training to children from Youth Offending Teams.
Age: 16 -18
Sex: n/a
Cost: yes




  • Support those children that have been assessed as elevated risk to desist from further offending
  • Support those children to gain employability skills in order to support successful transition into the labour market




Skill Mill is a not for profit social enterprise, that supports children into temporary paid employment opportunities (for six months) to encourage and as part of a whole child approach through breaking the cycle of engagement in pro-criminal actions. The children are provided an opportunity, through Skill Mill to contribute to their local community and start making positive changes to their identity.


The children are supported to participate in horticultural and land maintenance projects and receive formal training, job search support and an employment reference to improve their self-esteem, confidence and career prospects

The Skill Mill is a Social Enterprise established by Newcastle Youth Offending Team during 2013 and launched February 2014. The programme is being replicated across England in the following YOTS: Newcastle, Leeds, Liverpool, Durham and Scarborough.


Implementing the Practice:

  • The start-up costs are approximately £50,000, this reduces (pro-rata) as paid contracts are secured.
  • This programme is only available to children that are required to attend the YOT




YOT: Newcastle Youth Offending Team
Name: David Parks
Source Organisation: Skill Mill

Summary: Stoke YOT volunteer recruitment and reward process.
Age: n/a
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a




  • Increase recruitment and retention of Community Panel Member volunteers



Stoke YOT have created a leaflet (attached) that is used in the recruitment of new volunteers. The leaflet is advertised via Stoke website, twitter and Facebook and also handed out during leaflet drop reparation sessions around the city. Furthermore, at the pre-panel meeting, which includes a panel member, parent/carer and the child along with the Referral Order Coordinator, where the role of the panel members is discussed, a leaflet is also available to parents and carers explaining the recruitment of volunteers

This has meant that Stoke YOT have been able to recruit their volunteers from a variety of circumstances and experiences including family members of children that have had previous contact with the YOT as well as a reverend who the YOT had contact with through one of their reparation programmes.

Volunteers must complete Panel Matters training, following which they are expected to attend five initial panels, after which they are presented with a certificate of attendance. Once the volunteers have completed the training and five panels, they are then able to access further City council training. Furthermore, volunteers are invited to attend and participate in the YOTs ‘service developments days’, which take place quarterly.

In order to support the volunteers, increase motivation and build positive relationships, Stoke YOT have implemented the following:

  • Panel forums, which are run by the Referral Order Coordinator three times a year.
  • Regular one to one supervision with each volunteer (template attached).
  • Referral Order Coordinator sends out birthday and Christmas cards (where applicable and appropriate) to the volunteers.
  • Regular newsletter is emailed to the volunteers that includes information concerning service performance such as number of referralorders successfully completed and any early revocations.
  • Stoke YOT arranges and pays for an annual meal for the volunteers as a way to thank them for their work and contribution.



Contact Details:

Youth Offending Team: Stoke YOT
Name: Debbie Morrey

Holes in the wall is a website that offers knowledge and information for practitioners (as well as parents/carers) regarding child to parent violence and abuse. There are a variety of free resources that can be accessed.

In April 2019, the Home Office published the Child Exploitation Disruption Toolkit: Disruption Tactics, which is aimed at front line staff to support their work around safeguarding children from sexual and criminal exploitation.
The toolkit is split into six areas:

  • Abduction and trafficking
  • Behaviour
  • Sexual offences
  • Location
  • Victim care
  • Other options

In addition to the six areas, the disruption toolkit includes best practice guidance in three areas:

  • Information sharing and multi-agency working
  • Intelligence and evidence
  • Further links


Derby YOS have implemented Custody Scrutiny Panels in order to provide a robust system for individual cases, as well as cases of concern to be discussed and individual needs to be met. 

Age: 10-17
Age: n/a
Cost: n/a




  • To provide a clear robust system to ensure all children receiving a custodial sentence have equal access to resources to address assessed needs both whilst in the Custodial environment and throughout the community element of their Order.
  • To ensure that a clear resettlement plan is established within a maximum of one month of entering the custodial establishment.
  • Reduce reoffending rates of those children leaving custody and increase successful reintegration into the community.
  • Provide a platform for additional scrutiny for those children most at risk of custody and those children being released from custody.
  • Ensure effective intelligence and information sharing across the multi-agency setting.



The custody Scrutiny Panel in Derby City YOS is a multi-agency panel made up of specialist workers and stakeholders, with the core aim to give case managers the structure to discuss and present cases of concern and to ensure individual needs can be met.

Children can be referred to the panel via two strands:

  1. Resettlement: this is automatic - if they are in custody, the child will remain under the scrutiny of the Panel throughout their licence period.
  2. Risk of Custody: where the child is considered to be on the cusp of custody the panel will consider additionality to any current intervention plan.


For those children in strand one (resettlement), the panel is used to plan intervention programmes to meet individual needs. This starts in the custodial establishment following sentencing and will continue upon release for the duration of the community supervision element of the Order. The services dedicated resettlement officer plays a pivotal role in this process and offers a stringent package of support for at least the first three weeks following release. Please see attached Job Description for the Champion Role of Resettlement Officer, for further information.

For those children in strand two it provides a platform for case managers to review current intervention plans and consider any additional resources required, within a multi-professional panel framework.




YOT: Derby City Youth Offending Service
Name: Karen Chilton

The YJB has published the Data Recording Requirements for Youth Offending Teams in England and Wales 2019-2020. The YOT Data Recording Requirements document describes both how YOTs submit data to the YJB and detail around what is collected and how it is recorded.




Summary: The weapons intervention toolkit is aimed Those children that are thought to be vulnerable to exploitation and involvement in gang activity and use of weapons.
Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost:  n/a




  • Supporting children’s understanding of gangs and the associated risks.
  • Supporting children’s understanding of the dangers of carrying a weapon.
  • Support children to explore their emotions and the risks in their behaviour.




The weapons intervention toolkit is aimed at children who have been identified as vulnerable to gang activity and exposure to weapons. It is presented as a selection of individual activities that can be completed on a 1:1 basis or as part of a group work programme.

The intervention toolkit aims to help build resilience in children by facilitating their understanding of the risks involved, while letting them explore their own understanding of their emotions, behaviour and environments. It seeks to help them identify and realise the dangers that are posed by becoming involved in activity which could lead to them carrying or using a weapon.

The intervention toolkit has been developed with the full involvement of children and using research and evidence based practice.



Implementing the Practice:

  • The intervention toolkit has two levels based on maturity of the young person, yellow for young children and green for the older ones
  • The intervention toolkit should be used as written
  • Children should complete pre-and post-questionnaires, to help staff understand the journey taken for each individual child
  • There is one key manager, at Oxfordshire YOS (as well as other managers) that are able to deliver the training and train case managers to run the intervention toolkit
  • The data that is collected from the pre- and post-questionnaires is used in performance reports.




YOT:   Oxfordshire Youth Offending Service 
Name:  Jenny Bryan
Telephone: 01865816500
Mobile: 07785453272

Name: Elgan Owen




Organisation: Conwy & Denbighshire Youth Justice Service


Details of the role: Volunteering on a youth offender panel can allow you to: 

  • Help prevent further offending
  • Work with victims
  • Help protect the community
  • Help young people turn their lives around
  • Restorative justice

The panel meets with the young person and their parents/carers to talk about the reasons for the young person’s offending behaviour and to discuss a way forward. The victim is encouraged to attend the meeting to tell the young person how the crime affected them. Youth offender panel members agree a contract with the young person. This will include activities that repair the harm caused to the community by the young person’s crime. The panel is made up of 2 volunteers who are capable of representing the community, and one member of the local Youth Justice Service. There will also be a representative from the Youth Justice Service present.

It is essential that as a panel member volunteer you would be consistent and reliable. Good communication skills are essential and a non-judgemental approach to working with young people who have offended.
Panel meetings take place at the Conwy and Denbighshire Youth Justice Service offices, 74 Conwy Road, Colwyn Bay or at various other locations throughout the Conwy and Denbighshire counties, such as local libraries or community centres.

Volunteers will have access to regular support through the volunteer co-ordinator or the supervising officer. Volunteers will receive at least once yearly supervision sessions to enable discussion of training requirements and further development opportunities within the service.

Details of the application process: Applications can be made via the Volunteering Wales website or you can contact Elgan Owen Volunteer Coordinator on (01492) 523500 or

Any training required: Full training provided, including Panel Matters, Restorative Justice and Safeguarding training.

Details of training: Those who wish to volunteer as panel members will be required to attend the Panel Member training. This will explain how panels work and your role in the process, restorative justice (repairing the harm done) and agreeing a contract. Volunteers are able to claim reasonable out of pocket expenses, subject to production of receipts. Volunteers can also claim necessary travel expenses incurred.


Start and date: 01/05/2019

Youth Offending Team: Legislative References is a quick guide reference to all statutory duties of the Youth Offending Teams.


Summary: Procedure and process for resettlement in Camden YOS
Age: n/a
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a




  • Procedure was revised to reflect some of the principles of ‘constructive resettlement’
  • Procedure aims to ensure that delivery is consistent



Attached is the ‘Procedure and Process for Resettlement in Camden YOS’, its underpinning principles come from the YJB Constructive Resettlement document that highlights evidence based approach to intervention.

This document has been revised to ensure that protocols around the resettlement of detained children are being managed effectively by Camden YOS and those services supporting the resettlement plan.

The model has been developed in partnership with Camden and Islington Mental Health Trust and therefore co-creation with health partners has ensured health commitment from point of inception. The model is strategically aligned to Camden's Youth Diversion Programme in Police custody suites and therefore they also have police commitment to the approach and foundations of constructive resettlement.

Work is currently underway with Young Offender Institution to implement the approach as well with the senior Independent Reviewing Officer in Camden to embed the model in Looked After Children reviews for remanded and longer-term LAC children.



Implementing the Practice:

  • The new Enhanced Constructive Resettlement Model was launched with the whole team at a two hour co-creation session.
  • The additional staff, that will be directly working with children in Youth Detention each week, complete further training around in relational and strengths based approaches such as Family Group Conferencing and Restorative Practices.
  • The Enhanced Constructive Resettlement Team will also have regular clinical psychology input and use group reflective supervision to ensure psychologically informed approaches to practice are fully implemented. These will include Trauma informed practice and work focused on repairing attachment to support the shift from pro-criminal to pro-social identity.
  • Ensure partnership work with Health, Police, and other key stakeholders when creating this to support buy in and then implementation.




YOT: Camden Youth Offending Service
Name: Michael O'Connor
Email: Michael.O'
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