JUser: :_load: Unable to load user with ID: 2350

JUser: :_load: Unable to load user with ID: 840

Wednesday, 02 January 2019 16:12

ACPO Youth Gravity Matrix

The ACPO Youth Gravity Matrix is used by the Police to determine whether children should be considered for an out of court disposals. The matrix provides most offences with a score, which is calculated on the seriousness. The overall score can be impacted by aggravating and mitigating factors surrounding the incident.

Friday, 29 July 2016 14:03

Are we nearly there yet, Dad?

Are we nearly there yet, Dad? report illustrates six young fathers’ journeys through various service provisions. The journeys reveal the blockages that can occur when insufficient support is available, and the opportunities that arise when services respond to young fathers effectively. If you would like any further information, please access Barnardos directly.

Monday, 30 November -0001 00:00

Asset Plus Materials - West Sussex YOT

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: no



  • A specific OOCD screening/assessment tool and planning document, based on and using Asset Plus, aimed at being time effective but defensible, proportionate, evidenced and analytical. It aims to provide a consistency in practice and theory alongside Asset Plus, moving similarly through to assessed judgements and appropriate planning responses based on future risk, risk of serious harm and safety/wellbeing.
  • The screening tool uses the AssetPlus framework and terminology to enable better assessment in cases which have limited or no history with local youth justice services. The pathways and planning template allows for a more intuitive and user friendly intervention with the young person. 



The resource consists of the screening/assessment tool and then two Pathways and Planning documents. These were developed for assessing any cases being referred by police for a potential First Caution. It’s also being used for any case recommended for diversion by YOS as a CR. For those that have had previous Cautions (unless significant timescales and agreed by line manager) we are using Asset Plus.

It is designed to follow the same rules as Asset Plus to allow consistency in case managers thinking and assessments. Also this is then helpful for utilising/transferring information if a young person was to reoffend and require a full Asset Plus. As with Asset Plus it is separated in to Information Gathering where the expectation is just information and no analysis, with case workers using the italic prompts as headings to ensure all areas are covered. This focuses on the young person first, then moves to the offending behaviour second.

Following this is the Explanations and Conclusions with analysis coming in paragraphs in the analysing past behaviour, future behaviour sections. As with Asset Plus the harm assessment needs to be focused down in to what the risk is then expanded on in regard to who, how, where, why and when. There are then sections to give ratings for the judgement areas (Safety and Wellbeing, LOR and ROSH) and bullet points for reasoning. There are also key sections which highlight the focus on foundations for change, and strengths, and also an analysis of desistance factors.

This leads, as with Asset Plus, to the planning in which there are two parts. The first Pathways and Planning section includes basic details and judgements such as ROSH etc, followed by Tailoring Interventions. There’s then sections for who the plan is shared with and other processes, as previously included in VMPs/RMPs and now Asset Plus. The second part is just for cases assessed as Medium or above, as a defensible response, and includes external controls and other actions taken by YOS. As with Asset Plus these refer to the 5 planning areas (Keeping Safe, Not hurting others, Not offending, Repairing Harm, Goals and Opportunities) which can be deleted as appropriate. Then it concludes with the contingencys/changing circumstances. The second part of the plan is the Young Person’s individual plan (YJB version), which is separate so it can be completed and shared with the young person, and which focuses on individual tasks such as sessions or areas the young person is directly involved in. It also covers the internal controls aspect of the plan, and family involvement.

All three get attached to the Intervention Screen on CVYJ, and all medium and above judgements are QAd and countersigned. Depending on the case, and information gathering, feedback has been 3 to 4 hours for full completion.



Organisation:  West Sussex Youth Offending Service 
Name:  John Ashmore
Telephone:  07860261923
E-mail:  John.ashmore@westsussex.gov.uk 
Published in Resources For Sharing
Thursday, 22 December 2016 11:17

Cardiff Triage

Age: 10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  yes




  • At the earliest opportunity to divert young people committing low level offences away from the Criminal Justice System into effective interventions to reduce re-offending
  • Further reduce youth crime through early identification of risk leading to a swift, appropriate and effective diversionary Restorative Justice response
  • Increase community confidence in the Criminal Justice System through greater involvement of victims and witnesses and restorative justice
  • To improve collaboration and decision making at the point of arrest resulting in interventions which are more targeted and proportionate
  • Identify risk and share relevant information across South Wales Police and Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service (YOS) on more serious/ persistent young offenders so leading to more strategic partnership working and a more effective response to the needs of the young person




Cardiff Triage was developed in 2009 using Youth Crime Action Plan monies and was subsequently funded through the Welsh Government's Safer Communities Fund. The model was developed to provide a restorative disposal model for Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan counties using the new central custody suite hub which opened in October 2009 in Cardiff Bay Police Station. The model was developed from examining best practice from the sixty-nine Triage schemes that were operating in England. Triage is now funded via the Community Safety Division Promoting Positive Engagement for Young People (at risk of offending) Grant. Eligible young people receive a holistic assessment looking at all aspects of their lives with the aim of informing a mutually agreed intervention plan between the worker and young person/ family. This intervention plan will include work with the Triage worker and is likely to include referrals to other specialist agencies for issues including self-harm, mental health issues and substance misuse. It also includes a restorative justice intervention with the young person aiming to make amends with the victim. For a general overall please see Triage


Implementing the Practice:

  • Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan YOS utilise Triage as their formal diversion programme. Media Academy Cardiff are commissioned out of Welsh Government Promoting Positive Engagement Regional Grant.
  • The utilisation of a third sector organisation brings additional benefits to young people; specifically that they do not identify themselves as being with the ‘YOT’ which assists with the overall ethos of Diversion




YOT: Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service
Name: Mark Bishop
Telephone: 01446 745820
Email: MBishop@valeofglamorgan.gov.uk
Source Organisation: Media Academy Cardiff
Name: Nick Corrigan/Sam Heatley
Telephone: 02920 667 668/02920 235 750 
Email: nick@mediaacademycardiff.org/sam@mediaacademycardiff.org

Published in Practice Examples

The Howard League have published two documents in relation to children in Care Homes, that are relevant:

The Criminal Care: Children’s Homes are Criminalising Children (2016), which provides some data analysis around the number of children in care and the extent of their criminalisation.

The Ending the Criminalisation of Children in Residential Care (2017) which is the first of a series of briefing, that will be published alongside a programme of research and campaign work. The aim of this briefing is to clarify why so many children in children’s homes are getting into trouble and to work with the police and children’s homes to find examples of best practice to prevent their unnecessary criminalisation.

Tuesday, 27 June 2017 15:30

Desistance,Identity and Belonging

Desistence is a concept at the heart of current thinking in youth justice and a key factor embedded within the AssetPlus framework.

Many YOTs however, have reported not necessarily understanding what ‘desistence’ is and how it impacts upon their work with young offenders.  As such, the question has been asked as how best to support YOTs in understanding and then discussing ‘desistence’ as part of their workforce development?

This short video (25 mins) is a means of providing an informed and valuable context to the subject for practicioners,managers and volunteers working with young people,




We have also attached a proposed group session format for those teams that wish to run training as a group session.

Published in Training Documents
Monday, 15 August 2016 14:21

Enhanced Triage

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none




  • To reduce the number of First Time Entrants to The Youth Justice System - by diverting young people committing low level offences away from the criminal justice system at the earliest opportunity.
  • Reduction in re-offending rates – research evidences that addressing low level criminal behaviour without formally processing young people through the courts is more likely to reduce re-offending
  • Earlier and more effective engagement with victims and increased levels of victim satisfaction – by increasing the opportunities for victims to participate in safe restorative justice approaches and enabling them to move on from the feeling of victimisation
  • Cost avoidance of the diversionary element of the scheme, primarily through avoided costs to the police and court system




Suffolk Youth Offending Service (SYOS) in partnership with Suffolk Constabulary developed an initiative building on the existing youth diversion scheme. The ‘Enhanced Triage’ scheme enables early screening and assessment of young people and their families whilst also improving consistent and integrated decision making between the police and youth offending service.

The details of the delivery model can be found below, however in a nutshell all referrals are screened by Suffolk YOS for an initial decision to be made regarding the young person’s suitability for a Triage Level 1 intervention or whether further assessment is necessary. In cases where further assessments are appropriate the young person could be subjected to a Level 2 Triage intervention, a Youth Caution or a Youth Conditional Caution.

Suffolk YOS have also developed the restorative justice approach based on the latest evidence of ‘what works’ and as part of the scheme the seconded Police Officer engages with the victims as well as deliver some of the restorative justice interventions.


What makes it work:

  • Earlier and more comprehensive assessments influence the quality of decision making for out of court options
  • Direct referral route for police officers to SYOS, without requiring attendance at a police custody suite with young people and parents / carers.
  • Dedicated police officers and YOS staff as decision makers support a more effective and consistent integrated decision making process
  • The majority of families can be seen within 48 hours of the referral through a home visit which addresses barriers to engagement, for example; poor access to transport for those living in a rural community
  • Police Officers and SYOS staff strongly support the scheme and the principles for taking a diversionary approach. The seconded police officers are proactive in advising operational officers on ‘next steps’ in an investigation involving young people and police officers report that this invariably streamlines the process and enables greater efficiencies to be achieved.



Implementing the practice:

  • The model in Suffolk required an additional policing resource to be seconded to the YOS. Some of this is offset by the efficiencies achieved for operational officers and taking on specific duties from custody / operational staff. In Suffolk the number of seconded police officers increased from 3 x FTE to 6 x FTE across three operational teams.
  • It requires a good working relationship between the police and the YOT both at strategic and operational levels.
    Suffolk YOS completed a staff consultation to change staff terms and conditions enabling weekend and evening working



YOT: Suffolk Youth Offending Service
Name: Belinda Clabburn
Telephone: 01502 674870
Email: Belinda.clabburn@suffolk.gov.uk


Published in Practice Examples
Wednesday, 07 December 2016 16:44

Fatherhood Programme

Age: 13-17
Sex: Male
Cost: No




  • To learn what a baby and child needs from a parent, to learn about the impact of different parenting styles and to understand the positive and negative effects that parenting can have on a child.
  • To understand the negative effect uninvolved, unreliable, criminal, violent and/or abusive fathers can have on their children.
  • To understand the links between developing their self-control, leading a positive crime free life and being a good parent.
  • To understand the importance of having a positive relationship with any child they have's mother, whether they are a couple or separated, and to recognise that violence, verbal abuse and controlling behaviours are unacceptable.
  • To understand the process of conception, pregnancy and labour and to understand how contraception works, where to access it and how to use it.




The fatherhood programme at Oakhill Secure Training aims to develop and improve the parenting skills of young male offenders in custody who are fathers or expectant fathers and to reduce the risk of early parenthood. It intends to break the cycle of offending by young men who become fathers at a young age, many of who have lacked or had poor male role models and are at risk of repeating this cycle. It is led by a nurse who works within the healthcare department at the STC.

The programme includes a series of six to eight group work sessions which look at parenting, relationships and caring for oneself and accessing support. Sessions are discussion based and have included visits from peer young fathers from the Young Dads Collective as guest speakers. As part of the programme young fathers get to take care of an electronic baby overnight. The main target group is young fathers and expectant fathers but also young men at risk of early parenthood.



Implementing the Practice:

  • A key aspect of the intervention is the involvement of visiting young parents in the delivery of sessions. Participants are able to empathise with these young people, who are able to communicate clearly the reality of being a parent and their view that a criminal lifestyle is incompatible with being a good parent.
  • Sessions are supported by a male outreach worker from Milton Keynes Brook who is experienced in working with young men, especially around the issues of sexual health and relationships.
  • Resettlement into the community is a key aspect of the programme. The programme identifies individual issues faced by the young people and supports them in resettlement by working with the YOT to connect them with external agencies.
  • The nurse is currently in collaboration with the Young Dads Collective following up on and supporting a small group of young fathers in resettlement. This is part of a wider package, ‘Responding to Young Fathers’ which is aimed at developing Policy and Practice with Young Fathers.




Secure Establishment: Oakhill Secure Training Centre
Name: Kate Bulman
Telephone: 01908 866093
Email: kate.bulman2@uk.g4s.com


Published in Practice Examples
Friday, 20 October 2017 13:14

Fearless Intervention

Age:  11-17
 Sex:  n/a
 Cost:  n/a




  • Support young people to be aware of the impact of knife/weapons
  • Support young people to not become involved in knife/weapons awareness in the first instance through increasing knowledge



Nottingham City YOT use Fearless resource with young people that are identified by local schools at risk of offending and or anti-social behaviour. The session includes: weapons, vandalism, graffiti, arson, vehicle crime, robbery and theft, burglary, and assault. 

Prior to the Fearless session, young people are expected to participate and complete a 1 hour pre-session which focuses on communication and conflict. This intervention is currently being piloted with young people at Nottingham City YOT (please see attached below).



Implementing the practice:

  • Nottingham City YOT staff have completed training by Fearless to run the programme
  • Sessions are run in school in small groups of 6 with young people identified by the schools as being at risk of offending (although session can also be completed on a 1:1)
  • The communication and conflict session is completed with all young people due to attend the Fearless session as a supporting tool to ensure engagement in the main session




Youth Offending Team:   Nottingham City Youth Offending Team
Name:  Sonia Burton
Email: Sonia.Burton@nottinghamcity.gov.uk



Published in Practice Examples
Thursday, 21 September 2017 11:03

First Aid Programme with StreetDoctors

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: yes




  • Support young people to learn first aid skills
  • Provide young people with further knowledge around the impact incidents involving weapons
  • Challenge young people’s perception of violence



Sutton Youth Offending Team run a First Aid Programme in partnership with StreetDoctors. The session aims to challenge young people’s attitudes towards violence. The young people are taught practical lifesaving skills and learn about the impact and consequence of violence on the individual such as long term disability.  Two workshops are available, what to do if you find someone bleeding and what to do if you find someone unconscious.

The training aims to improve their confidence, aspirations and feelings of self-worth, and increase their willingness to act if present at the scene of a medical emergency.
Each workshop lasts one hour and following completion young people are provided with a certificate issued by Streetdoctors.

'What to do if someone is bleeding' covers how to call an ambulance and deliver immediate first aid to someone who is bleeding, before professional help arrives. Streetdoctors explain the science behind blood loss and why it is important to call for help. The session is practical, using role playing scenarios to prepare young people to use skills in an emergency.

'What to do when someone is unconscious' informs young people on how to assess if someone is unconscious. How to put them in the recovery position if they are breathing, or deliver chest compressions if they are not breathing. Streetdoctors explain how the heart, blood and lungs work together and what happens if they are not working. Young people practice putting someone in the recovery position and delivering CPR with dummies so that in a real life situation they are ready to act. 



Implementing the Practice:

  • The young people that are referred to the programme are those that have Orders for weapons or violent offences (although the group would still be suitable for Out of Court Disposals)
  • 2 YOT staff attend, together with staff provided by StreetDoctors
  • Group is run with 10 young people
  • Costs is £50 per workshop



YOT: Sutton Youth Offending Service
Name: Keeley Wilcox
Email: keeley.wilcox@sutton.gov.uk

Source Organisation:

London-wide StreetDoctors: info@streetdoctors.org
Published in Practice Examples
Page 1 of 5