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Friday, 17 November 2017 13:03

1-2-1 Mentoring

Age: 10-17
Sex:  N/A
Cost:  Yes



  • One to one mentoring to tackle the root causes of offending and reoffending
  • Engaging clients whose social exclusion, sense of powerlessness and sense of entitlement make them vulnerable to gang culture and criminal activity
  • Encourage positive lifestyle choices, by challenging and changing attitudes and values that contribute to entrenchment in a gang lifestyle



Spark2Life have developed an 8-10 weeks package of 1-hour sessions of holistic person-centered mentoring aimed at gang involved offenders and ex-offenders aimed at 13-18-year-old with complex needs.

Each mentoring relationship starts with an initial assessment which, looks at the individual’s needs, circumstances and motivations.

The package includes 6 main sessions -

  1. Gangs,
  2. Risk and Reward
  3. Managing Conflict
  4. React or Respond
  5. Triggers
  6. There’s more in you

The package of support can be tailored to fit the individual’s needs by supplementary mentoring sessions covering:

  • Emotional intelligence
  • Paradigm shifting
  • Personality types, learning styles, strengths and weaknesses
  • Personal development and personal goals.
  • Relationships (parents, carer)
  • Friendship circles
  • Career aspirations
  • Education, training and Employment

Spark2life have been working with Barking and Dagenham YOT (since 2010)  Havering YOT (since 2012) Waltham Forest YOT(since 2012) and Newham YOT (2017)


Implementing the Practice:

The S2L AQA accredited mentors meets the client in a safe environment. An initial assessment will be made, and the mentor will focus on building a relationship and discovering what the young person’s skills and interests are.

Mentors use the Spark2life networks of employment, training and apprenticeship providers (which include City Gateway, Department for Work and Pensions, Crisis, Peabody, St Giles) in the following sectors - construction, electrical engineering, catering, sports and Leisure, the motor industry to name a few. to offer the young person the following opportunities

  • CV writing skills
  • Developing good interview techniques,
  • Support in applying for apprenticeships and jobs.

S2L provide YOT worker with detailed weekly case notes covering the 1-21 session content, aims and objectives,

S2L monitor each young person’s response to the session, staff member and engagement reporting back to YOT (via CJSM) with case notes

S2L meet with the YOT coordinator for a quarterly report on the 1-2-1 Mentoring contract



Source Organisation:  Spark2life
Name:  Melvyn Naidoo
Telephone:  0208 619 1355
E-mail:  melvyn@spark2life.co.uk 
Website:  www.spark2life.co.uk
YOT:  Havering Youth Offending Service
Name:  Matthew Knights
Telephone:  01708 433720 
E-mail:  matthew.knights@havering.gov.uk 
Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: for ASDAN




  • Support young people to understand what 'Restorative Justice' means
  • Support young people to understand that there are different restorative solutions to making amends
  • For young people, to be able to take part in a restorative process and make amends



Lincolnshire Secure Unit (Secure Children’s Home), is a restorative unit where the focus is to resolve conflict within the unit restoratively and support young people to make amends for the harm caused.

It was recognised that some conflict will arise in the unit and it was felt that a restorative process is the most appropriate means to achieve resolution. It was felt that young people could also gain an accreditation for some of the work that would be taking place anyway. The award allows young people to achieve a recognised and accredited qualification and evidences that they have been able to take responsibility for their actions and repair some of the harm caused to others. The programme is used as part of the restorative process and preparing young people for meaningful restorative approaches, ensuring they understand what it involves. The programme has been moderated by one of the ASDAN assessors and published on the ASDAN Lifeskills Challenges website.


The programme has three core learning outcomes:

  1. Learning Outcome One: helps young people to understand what 'restorative justice' means. Young people are asked what they think it means and who could use it.
  2. Learning Outcome Two: asks young people to discuss five different ways that someone can make amends for causing harm to others and three examples of scenarios where a restorative approach may be appropriate.
  3. Learning Outcome Three: involves taking part in a restorative process and thinking about their feelings before, during and after, who was affected by their behaviour and what outcome was agreed to by all parties.


The programme is generally run in one or two sessions, after which the restorative meeting or chosen approach takes place, after which another meeting takes place to complete learning outcome three.  The programme is generally run on a 1:1 basis.



Implementing the Practice:

  • Staff that run the sessions must be trained in Restorative approaches
  • Young people are referred to the programme by their case manager
  • Staff have to be familiar with the programme, they do not need to have received specific training to run this programme




Establishment: Lincolnshire Secure Unit
Name: Lucy Creedon
Email: lucy.creedon@lincolnshire.gov.uk


Published in Practice Examples
Friday, 28 July 2017 08:33

Assessment Clinic – Sutton YOT

 Age:  10-17
 Sex:  n/a
 Cost:  n/a




  • To ensure that young people are seen within a few days from Court and to start the assessment process
  • Support young people to meet and become more familiar with the specialist workers and thus more agreeable to ongoing intervention/engagement




The Assessment Clinic, makes part of the standard process that all new young people are required to engage in if a Pre-Sentence Report is requested or if they have received a Youth Conditional Caution or a Referral Order. However, in cases where the young person is already known to the YOT but it is felt that there has been a significant change in circumstances, then a review assessment can be booked. Youth Cautions, Triage and Prevention cases are on occasions also referred to the Clinic where specific needs have been identified that may benefit from a specialist assessment.

The Education Worker, Speech and Language Therapist and School Nurse staff the Clinic (although the Parenting Worker and Referral Order Coordinator have also previously attended). The Speech and Language Therapist and Education Worker take 15-30 minutes to complete their assessments and the Nurse around 45 minutes. On average young people take around 1.5 hours to complete the three assessments. However it is essential that a balance is struck in regards to how many specialists/screening assessments the young person has to engage with and them becoming disengaged with the process. Young people are offered breaks and water in between the assessments and where further in-depth assessment or follow up support is required, further appointments will be scheduled.

The Assessment Clinic allows for specialist workers to meet young people and complete an assessment and consider any next steps, but it also means that the Case Manager can focus on interviewing and completing other screenings.



Implementing the Practice:

  • The young people are booked into the Clinic by the Court Duty Officer or if the young person was sentenced out of borough, the appointment is made by the allocated case manager.
  • The Court Duty Officer or case manager explains the purpose of the Clinic to the young person/parent.
  • In Sutton YOT the Clinic takes place on a Tuesday afternoon from 12pm-5pm.
  • Sutton YOT use a google spreadsheet that allows staff to book slots with relevant specialist workers.
  • To support the Clinic, various rooms across the YOT are block booked.
  • Each specialist worker is co-assigned the relevant section on AssetPlus and they complete that section within a week.
  • Sutton has found that there was a slightly better attendance rate when it was straight after court, particularly with parents, where an evening session could potentially increase parental attendance.




YOT: Sutton Youth Offending Team
Name: Angela Killalea
Email: angela.killalea@sutton.gov.uk


Published in Resources For Sharing
Tuesday, 14 June 2016 15:31

Back on track

Age: 10-18
Sex: n/a
Cost: no




  • To lead the attendees away from offending
  • To lead attendees away from anti-social behaviour
  • Increased engagement in ETE
  • Further training at a higher level post accreditation from this course
  • Offers opportunities to showcase achievements through both live performances at prestigious local venues and recordings of their work




Back on Track is a music-based intervention covering all aspects of music production. It is designed to help engage the most difficult to reach young people and delivered as a group-based tutor-led programme of 2-hours duration/per session where attendance is open-ended. Attendees can drop in for a session or several sessions with the opportunity to gain accreditation for their learning with Arts Awards and Rock School.



What makes it work:

  • It allows the participants to develop interests they may already have in music
  • It employs local tutors – who have both a background in music and who are skilled in engaging with and working with challenging young people
  • It operates at community venues which have other provisions available, for example community centres and youth centres where signposting to other facilities is readily available for the young people attending
  • It allows the young people to gain accreditation for the work they produce via Arts Award and Rockschool
  • It allows participants to develop positive relations with their fellow attendees



Implementing the practice:

In the first instance try to obtain funding from one or a combination of the following organisations -

  • National Foundation of Youth Music
  • UNITAS Arts Council (England)
  • Big Lottery
  • Local Organisations

Once funding has been obtained move to the implementation stage -

  • Locate venues which have adequate provisions and facilities specific to the running of this course
  • Organise the venue(s) and match the tutors to locations – dependent upon the geographical configuration of your YOT




YOT: Cheshire West, Halton and Warrington Youth Offending Service
Name: Chris Sweeting
Telephone: 0151 530 5253


Source Organisation: Score Creative Education
Name: Stephen Oates

Published in Practice Examples
Tuesday, 06 December 2016 14:39

Branching Out

Age: 11-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: yes




  • To improve young people’s engagement in education
  • To provide participants with the opportunity to achieve an accredited award through the completion of the Arts Award and John Muir Award
  • To promote community interaction and social cohesion




Branching Out is a five day informal education programme delivered in partnership between Wakefield Youth Offending Team, Wakefield Youth Work Team, Early Help Hubs, Countryside Services and Wakefield District Housing.


Referrals come via our Youth Work Team, Youth Offending Team, Early Help Intervention service, Social Services, Connexions, and schools. Referrals are prioritised for those who are at risk of disengaging from education.


Each programme aims to support up to twelve people aged 11-17 by providing a week of creative, educational and environmental activities. It also attempts to develop a range of life skills and experiences such as teamwork, social responsibility, organisation, communication as well as improving understanding and respect of the local natural environment.


Participants learn about the work of Countryside Services in supporting the local wildlife and maintaining and improving our environment, which is part of the process for achieving national accreditation through the John Muir Award. There is also an option to achieve the nationally accredited Arts Award by taking part in different arts activities, creating, presenting and sharing what they have made which can include anything from street dance to poetry. Participants are encouraged to undertake both the John Muir and Arts Award. This can provide participants with a real sense of achievement and success, which will hopefully support continued progression and achievement in education. All nineteen of the 2016 participants either progressed to or re-engaged with education or training opportunities at the start of the new academic year. Furthermore, a number of the young people are progressing to the Duke of Edinburgh Award.



Implementing the Practice:

  • The programme is resourced and delivered by staff from a variety of organisations who work with young people at risk of adverse outcomes. This brings together a range of experiences and approaches plus encourages a sharing of resource across the agencies who refer young people to the programme.
  • Four core staff are on hand to deliver the day to day activities with additional staff available to transport young people to and from the programme.
  • Around one month prior to the start of the programme a member of the Youth Offending Service will visit the young people/their families to discuss the requirements of the programme and to enlist the support of the parents/carers in encouraging attendance and recognising achievement.




YOT: Wakefield Youth Offending Team
Name: Dawn Gothard
Telephone: 01924 304155




Published in Practice Examples


SB came from Southwark and prior to coming in to custody in May 2015 had been accepted on to a football apprenticeship which was due to start in July 2015. Unfortunately he wasn’t released until April 2016. As well as gathering prior educational information from previous learning providers, MIAP, PIF and E-Asset we have created a simple information template (attached below) that the Youth Offending Team complete with the most up to date educational history on the young person.


During his initial interview and assessment with an Engagement & Resettlement Worker he expressed his interest and goal would be to continue with his football apprenticeship. However, in view of his sentence he needed an Individual Learning Plan for his time in education at Cookham Wood. He expressed interests in Media & Drama as well as football.


During his time at Cookham Wood he was on the Prison Radio pathway and achieved NCFE Level 1 & 2 in Radio Production & Creative Media Production Group Project Level 1 as well as other qualifications.


Engagement & Resettlement Workers attended his Sentence Planning Review Meetings and gave regular updates on his educational progress to his YOT Worker and Employment and Training Officer in the community as well as others. The Engagement & Resettlement Worker supported him in education during his stay in Cookham Wood through regular meetings and creation of monthly reports.


He was also on the Youth Council that is facilitated by Kinetic Youth. The Youth Council is an opportunity for the young people in Cookham Wood to have an involvement in the decision making processes within the establishment. They are supported to run the Youth Council meetings, to bring forward issues not just from within the Youth Council membership but from within the wider population of Cookham Wood. They then constructively bring forward these issues to a meeting attended by the Heads of Departments and Governors. Youth Council members are asked to feedback to the other young people, explaining why and how decisions are reached.


He became eligible for Release on Temporary Licence and the Community Engagement Manager located an appropriate placement with a local charity that ran a recording studio and could accommodate SB to work towards a Trinity College Arts Award. He also produced a relaxation/wellbeing CD in his class and a local charity called Harmony Therapy Trust were interested in using it.


Towards the end of his sentence the Community Engagement Manager and ROTL Team identified a traineeship placement with Millwall F.C. and he attended, being released on Temporary Licence. He went to Millwall Stadium 1 day a week apart from 1 week when he went twice. He was there for 9am and finished at 4pm. In total he went 6 times and upon release took up the traineeship full time.


He also engaged with the Most Valuable Player (MVP) offending Behaviour Programme, delivered by The Liminality Group and The PYE Project, whilst in custody and showed a significant change in his thinking and behaviour, remaining on the Enhanced IEP level throughout the programme. The young person commented that the programme helped him to think about his actions and the impact that his offending had had upon the community, victim and his family.


MVP provided further support upon release from custody, meeting the young person in the community for a meal in order to re-enforce the messages and learning from the programme.


The Engagement & Resettlement Team carry out 1 month, 3 month and 6 month ETE progress checks on all Young People leaving custody. Unfortunately the traineeship did not work out due to his accommodation placement breaking down.


For any enquiries please contact EngagementResettlement.CookhamWood@hmps.gsi.gov.uk

Published in Custody and Community

Children Missing Education, Statutory Guidance for local authorities sets out key principles to enable local authorities in England to implement their legal duty under section 436A of the Education Act 1996 to make arrangements to identify, as far as it is possible to do so, children missing education.


This guidance can be used as a non-statutory advice by:

  • School leaders, school staff and governing bodies in all maintained schools and academies, independent schools
  • Health professionals, Youth Offending Teams, and the police.


Please note that this guidance replaces the January 2015 version.

Age: n/a
Sex: n/a
Cost: potentially



Cumbria Youth Offending Service created a Project Development Manager post (which was a seconded post from Jan 2015 to Jan 2016 and is now absorbed into the Service as ‘Lead Intervention Coordinator) to manage the implantation of accredited Unpaid Work and Junior Attendance Centre programmes within the Service. This was a decision taken by management in order to tackle YJB stipulation of accreditation, support young people to gain a qualification to support further education, training and employment as well as respond to a restructure of the Service. The monies, for the seconded post were allocated from the YOT’s annual budget.

Thus far, since January 2015 (to September 2017) 47 young people have completed and have received accreditation through National Open College Network Centre.


 Role of the Lead Intervention Co-Ordinator:
The role of the Project development Manager post was initially to establish the roles and responsibilities of the Intervention Teams and establish accreditations and create the specific sessions in order to achieve the accreditation (accreditations are made up of various ‘sessions’).

These Teams are now managed by a Lead Intervention Co-Ordinator who is also responsible for the development of further awards, managing the current awards, the management and day to day running of all three teams within the County and the main point of contact for the Awarding Body.

Initially, the Intervention Teams were created by taking the previous ISS Teams (made up of 3 staff) and changing the name and role. However due to a recent restructure the Teams were moved from the YOT and now sit within Cumbria’s Specialist Youth Service. The Team members received training around their new role. The work of the Intervention Teams is now divided into several core areas: 

  • Volunteers – recruitment, training, retention and general day to day management of panel members and mentors.
  • One Awards – session delivery, quarterly standardisation meetings, internal verification and curriculum development
  • JAC – weekly 1:1 sessions, YJB data returns and coordinating school holiday group sessions
  • Interventions – supervision of reparation, UPW and other activity requirements
  • Planning and Coordination and running ISS – ISS timetabling, monthly intervention planning, resourcing, planning and coordination of projects.
  • The Teams are now also taking referrals from the YOT, as well as Children’s Services, Early Help and from the Police Channel/Prevent Programme



Setting up Accreditations:
Initially the role of the Project Development Manager was to establish a working relation and support the Service to become a Centre. This was agreed and this means that young people are able to complete their accreditation and it can be moderated and accredited within a short period of time.

Every member of the Intervention Team holds a Level 3 AET Award in Education and Training (previously known as PTLLS). The Intervention Co-ordinations hold a Level 4 Award in Internal Quality Assurance of Assessment Processes and Practice and the lead Intervention Co-ordinator holds the same qualification and a management one as well. This is a requirement from the Awarding Body. The reason that all Intervention staff are trained is because, although anyone can deliver the sessions that make up the accreditation, it can only be considered accredited if it is delivered by a trained member of staff and it goes through the formal process of verification.

To this end, the Cumbria Specialist Youth Service is a recognised National Open College Network Centre and recognised One Award Centre. The National Open College Network Centre and One Awards are the same organisation, however they offer different Qualifications and cannot be accessed from one centre to another. There is no additional cost to establish the other Centre.
What this means is that the Service is able to run accredited Programmes with young people. They are currently running the following:

  • Entry Level (and Entry Level 1) Award in Skills for Employment, Training and Personal Development, with young people completing their JAC or UPW element of their Order (through One Awards)
  • NOCN Entry Level Certificate in Independent Living - Looking After Yourself and Your Home (through NOCN)



Implementing the Practice: 

  • Once the secondment came to an end, the role became known as Lead Intervention Co-Ordinator and it is a permanent manager role in order to meet the business need
  • Intervention Team hold various levels of qualifications (provided by Centre) in order to be able to deliver and award accreditation
  • There is cost attached to running the YOS as a ‘Centre’, however this means that young people are able to access and complete Level 1 award or/and Entry Level Certificate
  • Although no data has yet been collected formally, however, compliance and engagement at both the JAC and UPW has improved considerably since being run by the Intervention Teams




YOT:  Cumbria Specialist Youth Service
 Name:  Simon Day
 Email:  Simon.Day@cumbria.gov.uk

Published in Resources For Sharing
Wednesday, 26 October 2016 11:45

Education First


Kent’s Early Help and Prevention Service (EHPS) are working with a young person aged 17, on an eight month Detention and Training Order. Through liaison with the local college, Kent EHPS were able to provide the young person with some coursework material which enabled him to continue his studies and continue to progress on the course he had enrolled on prior to his Detention and Training Order whilst completing the custodial part of his sentence. This was supported by the secure estate staff.


Kent was able to support the College and the establishment to work collaboratively; and through positive communication engage the young person to continue in his original placement once he was released from custody.


Making it work:

  • Kent discussed the provisional plan with the young person and parent at the initial planning meeting, and gained authorisation to contact the College.
  • Kent liaised with the Safeguarding lead at the College and also had regular contact with the young person’s tutors to gather the correct work.
  • Positive relationships were created and maintained with the Head of Education at the secure establishment, who was able to really support the process.


For any enquiries please contact Katie Knight - Katie.Knight@kent.gov.uk 

Published in Custody and Community
Tuesday, 11 June 2019 09:34

Employment Opportunity - The Skill Mill

Summary: The Skill Mill is a Social Enterprise that provides paid jobs and training to children from Youth Offending Teams.
Age: 16 -18
Sex: n/a
Cost: yes




  • Support those children that have been assessed as elevated risk to desist from further offending
  • Support those children to gain employability skills in order to support successful transition into the labour market




Skill Mill is a not for profit social enterprise, that supports children into temporary paid employment opportunities (for six months) to encourage and as part of a whole child approach through breaking the cycle of engagement in pro-criminal actions. The children are provided an opportunity, through Skill Mill to contribute to their local community and start making positive changes to their identity.


The children are supported to participate in horticultural and land maintenance projects and receive formal training, job search support and an employment reference to improve their self-esteem, confidence and career prospects

The Skill Mill is a Social Enterprise established by Newcastle Youth Offending Team during 2013 and launched February 2014. The programme is being replicated across England in the following YOTS: Newcastle, Leeds, Liverpool, Durham and Scarborough.


Implementing the Practice:

  • The start-up costs are approximately £50,000, this reduces (pro-rata) as paid contracts are secured.
  • This programme is only available to children that are required to attend the YOT




YOT: Newcastle Youth Offending Team
Name: David Parks
Email: david.parks@newcastle.gov.uk
Source Organisation: Skill Mill
Email: info@theskillmill.org

Published in Practice Examples
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