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The Anna Freud National Centre for children and Families, holds information around trauma and the impact on children and young people.  Their website, also has a section for practitioners working with young people.


Friday, 29 July 2016 14:03

Are we nearly there yet, Dad?

Are we nearly there yet, Dad? report illustrates six young fathers’ journeys through various service provisions. The journeys reveal the blockages that can occur when insufficient support is available, and the opportunities that arise when services respond to young fathers effectively. If you would like any further information, please access Barnardos directly.

Friday, 01 July 2016 09:10

Break 4 Change

Age:  10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  no


  • Reduce the level of violence and abuse by young people against their parents/carer
  • Reducing parental stress and anxiety, guilt and shame
  • Rebuilding family relationships - both parent to child and child to siblings
  • Improving family functionality by helping to build responsibility in children and parents



Break 4 Change is a programme for young people who are abusive or violent to their parents or carers. The programme uses Theoretical influences of Non Violent Resistance (NVR), Cycle of Change, domestic violence power and abuse dynamics, Solution Focus Intervention, as well as knowledge of parenting interventions.

Break 4 Change is run in partnership between Youth Offending Team (YOT), Targeted Youth Support (TYS), Youth Crime Prevention workers, and RISE domestic abuse specialists and the Integrated Team for Families (ITF)

Working with the families of young people it is designed to address the problems of Child/Adolescent to parent violence and abuse. It recognises the risks to the safety and well-being of young people, their parents and their families. It seeks to reduce the abusive behaviour of young people and help to re-build family relationships.

Support is offered on a half day basis regarding Child Parent abuse.

Implementing the practice:

Having a Youth Offending Service (YOS) offier who facilitates on Break 4 Change and the group running from here has the advantage of :

  • Being acessible to YOS colleagues, specialist workers and various teams based with us
  • Able to respond and advise on appropriate referrals to the Break 4 Change programme
  • Share information on upcoming Break 4 Change programmes and regularly promote and give feedback on the work we deliver on Break 4 Change


YOT/Other Organisation: Brighton & Hove Youth Offending Service/RISE
Name: Jane Griffiths
Telephone: 01273 691 031/0741 349 262


Published in Practice Examples
Friday, 23 September 2016 09:36

Breaking the Cycle - Young Fathers Programme

Age: 10-17
Sex: male
Cost: none




  • Provide practitioners an insight into some of the challenges faced by young fathers
  • Support services to look at some of their own ways of working to ensure that they are inclusive to young fathers


The primary focus for this piece of work has been to challenge organisational cultures and working practices when working with fathers. Thinking beyond the traditional prescriptive parenting programme, the case studies demonstrate how the Think Family inclusive approach could hold the key for future work with fathers.
Break the Cycle has also provided Parenting Programmes for Dads in a safe, supportive environment. The workers are aware and sensitive to the challenges faced by dads and able to constructively challenge mainstream provision when it is not meeting the needs of the father.




 YOT:  Leicester City Youth Offending Team
 Name:  Heather Mair
 Email:  Heather.Mair@leicester.gov.uk
Published in Resources For Sharing

Holes in the wall is a website that offers knowledge and information for practitioners (as well as parents/carers) regarding child to parent violence and abuse. There are a variety of free resources that can be accessed.

The Early Intervention Foundation have published; Commissioning Parenting and Family Support for Troubled Families guide, which offers advice on commissioning parenting support for families as part of the Troubled Families programme. It looks in some depth at 23 parenting interventions which have evidence of improving outcomes for children and families with characteristics similar to the families targeted by the programme. It also provides advice about implementing these programmes effectively. 

Wednesday, 07 December 2016 16:44

Fatherhood Programme

Age: 13-17
Sex: Male
Cost: No




  • To learn what a baby and child needs from a parent, to learn about the impact of different parenting styles and to understand the positive and negative effects that parenting can have on a child.
  • To understand the negative effect uninvolved, unreliable, criminal, violent and/or abusive fathers can have on their children.
  • To understand the links between developing their self-control, leading a positive crime free life and being a good parent.
  • To understand the importance of having a positive relationship with any child they have's mother, whether they are a couple or separated, and to recognise that violence, verbal abuse and controlling behaviours are unacceptable.
  • To understand the process of conception, pregnancy and labour and to understand how contraception works, where to access it and how to use it.




The fatherhood programme at Oakhill Secure Training aims to develop and improve the parenting skills of young male offenders in custody who are fathers or expectant fathers and to reduce the risk of early parenthood. It intends to break the cycle of offending by young men who become fathers at a young age, many of who have lacked or had poor male role models and are at risk of repeating this cycle. It is led by a nurse who works within the healthcare department at the STC.

The programme includes a series of six to eight group work sessions which look at parenting, relationships and caring for oneself and accessing support. Sessions are discussion based and have included visits from peer young fathers from the Young Dads Collective as guest speakers. As part of the programme young fathers get to take care of an electronic baby overnight. The main target group is young fathers and expectant fathers but also young men at risk of early parenthood.



Implementing the Practice:

  • A key aspect of the intervention is the involvement of visiting young parents in the delivery of sessions. Participants are able to empathise with these young people, who are able to communicate clearly the reality of being a parent and their view that a criminal lifestyle is incompatible with being a good parent.
  • Sessions are supported by a male outreach worker from Milton Keynes Brook who is experienced in working with young men, especially around the issues of sexual health and relationships.
  • Resettlement into the community is a key aspect of the programme. The programme identifies individual issues faced by the young people and supports them in resettlement by working with the YOT to connect them with external agencies.
  • The nurse is currently in collaboration with the Young Dads Collective following up on and supporting a small group of young fathers in resettlement. This is part of a wider package, ‘Responding to Young Fathers’ which is aimed at developing Policy and Practice with Young Fathers.




Secure Establishment: Oakhill Secure Training Centre
Name: Kate Bulman
Telephone: 01908 866093
Email: kate.bulman2@uk.g4s.com


Published in Practice Examples
Monday, 04 July 2016 10:05

First Base

Age: 16-18
Sex: n/a
Cost: no



  • Young people between the age of 16-18 in need of housing and support services to prevent homelessness and reoffending



First Base has created the Joint Working Procedure and Protocol which seeks to prevent homelessness of young people leaving custody or on community orders. The Joint Working Procedure and Protocol strives for early identification of those at risk of homelessness, it explains the process of joint working arrangements and how organisations cooperate when identifying and assessing young people’s housing and support needs.

The procedure provides a clear explanation of relevant legislation and where responsibilities lie between organisations. The procedure ensures that services work together to identify the risks and needs of the young person and build a package of support with an agreed plan. This involves supporting the young person and their family to return home safely or looking at alternative accommodation options with a support package to meet their needs.



YOT:  Royal GreenwichYouth Offending Service
Name:  Kim Davis
Telephone:  0208 921 6450


Published in Resources For Sharing
Friday, 27 May 2016 15:12

Functional Family Therapy

Summary: An evidenced based programme that supports families in reducing the use of violence, offending and poor behaviour.
Classification: Level 3
Age: 10-18
Sex: n/a
Cost: Yes




  • Support families and young people to reduce the use of violence, criminal behaviour, poor behaviour and conduct problems



Functional Family Therapy is a strength-based model, which offers short term, high quality intervention programme for young people who are at risk or offending. In general the families have between 8-12 sessions, however, more complex families can have up to 30 sessions over a 3-4 month period, with sessions last around 1 hour.

The intervention programme works with the whole family and the sessions can be conducted in either clinical or home setting. Often the young people and their families have histories of poor engagement, lack of access to resources and repeat contact with multiple services. FFT works with the whole family, aiming to reduce negative and defensive communication patterns, increase supportive innervations and promote effective parental discipline.

Please note that there are two strands of Functional Family Therapy (both have implemented FFT in the UK), which were created by the founding fathers of FFT:
Dr. James F. Alexander - https://www.fftllc.com/
Thomas Sexton- https://www.functionalfamilytherapy.com/




Dr. James F. Alexander:

Source Organisation: FFT Inc. (this is the main dissemination organisation)
Name: Holly DeMaranville
Email: hollyfft@comcast.net
Web: http://www.fftllc.com



Thomas Sexton Strand

Source Organisation: FFT
Name: Thomas Sexton 
Email: thsexton@mac.com
Web: https://www.functionalfamilytherapy.com/


Case Study:

YOT: Lewisham Youth Offending Serevice
Name: Serena Mullings
Email: Serena.Mullings@lewisham.gov.uk


Thursday, 15 December 2016 16:09

Heritage Project

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a




  • To give young people the opportunity to explore their heritage and roots
  • To give young people an opportunity to learn about various cultures as well as an improved sense of identity




This is a Heritage Lottery funded project in which young people explore their roots and heritage through various methods. The project was for one year and has included trips to the archive service, local libraries, desktop research, oral history interviews, and cooking sessions. To introduce young people to the project they were asked to create a family tree and from there a conversation took place regarding their interests and how this may have linked to British society or values of another culture. From then the activity the young person engaged with depended on their interest and intensity of their order. Some young people attended oral history training sessions, others went to the archives service and conducted research, some made flags, and some just had a discussion with a case manager and contributed to a brochure.


Throughout the project various materials have been produced which will be displayed in an exhibition. This includes a brochure, recipe book, posters, and flags, demonstrating what has been learnt thought the lifetime of the project.


This has given young people an opportunity to learn about various cultures as well as their own, helping to provide them with a sense of identity. It has provided a positive activity for them to be involved with, and a safe environment for them to express their views and perspectives. It has also provided staff with the knowledge of various cultures and the impact it may have on young people, as well as how the differences in culture may cause conflicting values for the young people. It is a new way to get young people to engage constructively, and the topic of culture and identity has been adopted within group and one to one sessions.


All materials produced as part of the project will be displayed in an exhibition touring the local libraries in Sandwell.



Implementing the Practice:

  • The project has included one on one sessions with young people as well as group work
  • The project has allowed for regular consideration of culture and heritage
  • This project fits well with wider work being done around disproportionality and over-representation




YOT: Sandwell Youth Offending Team
Name: Michael Botham
Telephone: 01215692201                  
Email: michael_botham@sandwell.gov.uk
Published in Practice Examples
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