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Friday, 17 November 2017 13:03

1-2-1 Mentoring

Age: 10-17
Sex:  N/A
Cost:  Yes



  • One to one mentoring to tackle the root causes of offending and reoffending
  • Engaging clients whose social exclusion, sense of powerlessness and sense of entitlement make them vulnerable to gang culture and criminal activity
  • Encourage positive lifestyle choices, by challenging and changing attitudes and values that contribute to entrenchment in a gang lifestyle



Spark2Life have developed an 8-10 weeks package of 1-hour sessions of holistic person-centered mentoring aimed at gang involved offenders and ex-offenders aimed at 13-18-year-old with complex needs.

Each mentoring relationship starts with an initial assessment which, looks at the individual’s needs, circumstances and motivations.

The package includes 6 main sessions -

  1. Gangs,
  2. Risk and Reward
  3. Managing Conflict
  4. React or Respond
  5. Triggers
  6. There’s more in you

The package of support can be tailored to fit the individual’s needs by supplementary mentoring sessions covering:

  • Emotional intelligence
  • Paradigm shifting
  • Personality types, learning styles, strengths and weaknesses
  • Personal development and personal goals.
  • Relationships (parents, carer)
  • Friendship circles
  • Career aspirations
  • Education, training and Employment

Spark2life have been working with Barking and Dagenham YOT (since 2010)  Havering YOT (since 2012) Waltham Forest YOT(since 2012) and Newham YOT (2017)


Implementing the Practice:

The S2L AQA accredited mentors meets the client in a safe environment. An initial assessment will be made, and the mentor will focus on building a relationship and discovering what the young person’s skills and interests are.

Mentors use the Spark2life networks of employment, training and apprenticeship providers (which include City Gateway, Department for Work and Pensions, Crisis, Peabody, St Giles) in the following sectors - construction, electrical engineering, catering, sports and Leisure, the motor industry to name a few. to offer the young person the following opportunities

  • CV writing skills
  • Developing good interview techniques,
  • Support in applying for apprenticeships and jobs.

S2L provide YOT worker with detailed weekly case notes covering the 1-21 session content, aims and objectives,

S2L monitor each young person’s response to the session, staff member and engagement reporting back to YOT (via CJSM) with case notes

S2L meet with the YOT coordinator for a quarterly report on the 1-2-1 Mentoring contract



Source Organisation:  Spark2life
Name:  Melvyn Naidoo
Telephone:  0208 619 1355
E-mail:  melvyn@spark2life.co.uk 
Website:  www.spark2life.co.uk
YOT:  Havering Youth Offending Service
Name:  Matthew Knights
Telephone:  01708 433720 
E-mail:  matthew.knights@havering.gov.uk 
Thursday, 07 January 2016 16:27

Alcohol Awareness Workpack

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none



Intended outcomes:

  • The young person to gain a greater awareness of the role of Alcohol in their life and the potential detrimental effects and impact.  
  • Guide the young person towards safer drinking behaviour, minimising risks of harm.
  • Encourage the young person to review their drinking behaviour and possibly make them more willing to engage in specialist services to look at reduction.


The Alcohol Awareness work pack comprises intervention materials designed to explore the reasons behind the young person consuming alcohol and the impact that this has on their life and their family members.

The materials should be delivered by someone skilled in motivational interviewing, the materials require at least three different coloured pens, pencils and for one exercise access to the internet and the website www.youtube.com. The pack here is for 1:1 work, however the materials can and have been adapted to work in a group setting.

The pack is flexible in terms of duration, for low intensity/dosage orders a selection of exercises (pages 1-3, 5-7, 11 & 12) can be chosen, for young people with suitable need and length of time to complete the full pack can be completed. The work pack can change in duration depending on the young person’s engagement, knowledge and willingness to explore their alcohol consumption. 

Please see the supporting materials for:

Alcohol Awareness Pack – Guidance Sheet (This is an overview of each page including tutor notes for delivery)

Effects of Alcohol Cards (This is a published document including 6 effects of alcohol cards that best used when printed, trimmed and laminated)

What Makes it Work:

  • The pack is flexible and can be used to address basic awareness as well as more problematic alcohol consumption. 
  • The pack utilises a range of delivery methods throughout and caters for all learning styles. 
  • The exercises and their effectiveness will depend on the facilitator; however the pack is a well ordered and simple way of exploring alcohol consumption with a young person. 
  • Although the facilitator would benefit from some knowledge on the subject, the pack works in a way that allows the young person and facilitator to work through each exercise without it being a lecture on alcohol consumption. 
  • The pack, exercises and set up steers away from right and wrong rhetoric and is most effective when the young person is able to challenge their own drinking behaviour by simply completing the tasks with the aid of some further exploratory questions from a facilitator. 

Implementing The Practice:

  • Deliver the pack to yourself or a co-worker prior to completing with a young person.
  • The pack is designed for A3 Landscape Colour Printing, however can be reduced to A4 should it be necessary, this does not reduce the effectiveness of the resource but potentially the ability for the young person to focus and engage in the exercises. 
  • As mentioned in the ‘How it works in practice’ section, a facilitator with motivational interviewing skills, in particular a non-judgemental and non-didactic approach.   
  • Fully utilising the multimedia elements of the session, although the pack can work without the ‘awareness campaigns’ exercise it is a different and interesting delivery method that has been warmly received by young people completing the pack. 
  • The pack is open to alteration and editing, for example the ‘awareness campaign’ exercise was added in 2013.


Darlington Youth Offending Service
Name: Michael Barr
Telephone:  01325 406407 (Ext: 6407)
Email:  michael.barr@darlington.gov.uk

Published in Practice Examples
Summary: The toolkit is aimed at those working directly with children identified as vulnerable to exploitation.
Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a



  • Supporting children’s understanding of gangs and the associated risks.
  • Supporting children’s understanding of exploitation, the different ways they could be exploited, and how to identify and avoid it.
  • Support the children exploring the risks in their behaviour.
  • Building effective relationships between practitioner and child.




The toolkit is aimed at those working directly with children identified as vulnerable to exploitation. It is presented as a selection of individual activities that can be completed on a 1:1 basis or as part of a group work programme.

The toolkit aims to help build resilience in children by facilitating their understanding of the risks involved exploitation, while letting them explore their own understanding of their behaviour and environments. It seeks to help them identify and realise the dangers that are posed by becoming involved in drug related activity.

Child drugs exploitation is one on the many elements of Child Criminal Exploitation which may also include, County lines involvement, child sexual exploitation and Modern slavery.

The toolkit has been developed with the full involvement of young people and in conjunction with the Police and Children’s social care.



Implementing the Practice:

  • This programme is used with any child who is considered at risk of being involved in drug or gang activity.
  • A specialist Substance Misuse and Exploitation team has been established and they have been trained in the use of the toolkit and deliver the sessions with the children.
  • The substance Misuses and Exploitation team has volunteers that they are able to use to support the work with the children.
  • The toolkit is used flexibly, based on the needs of the individual child.
  • Following each session, the children are able to provide feedback.
  • Laptops, pens and paper will be required for this programme.




YOT: Oxfordshire Youth Offending Service
Name: Jenny Bryan
Email: Jenny.Bryan@Oxfordshire.gov.uk.cjsm.net
Phone: 01865816500



Published in Serious Youth Violence

In April 2019, the Home Office published the Child Exploitation Disruption Toolkit: Disruption Tactics, which is aimed at front line staff to support their work around safeguarding children from sexual and criminal exploitation.
The toolkit is split into six areas:

  • Abduction and trafficking
  • Behaviour
  • Sexual offences
  • Location
  • Victim care
  • Other options

In addition to the six areas, the disruption toolkit includes best practice guidance in three areas:

  • Information sharing and multi-agency working
  • Intelligence and evidence
  • Further links
Friday, 30 November 2001 00:00

County Lines - Overview

County Lines, a drug distribution model typically involving an urban criminal gang travelling to smaller locations to sell heroin and crack cocaine, is a phenomenon that is impacting various areas in England and Wales. Various Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) have expressed that this issue is of concern, or is becoming a concern, in their local areas, and have requested support with accessing materials to aid with recognising, understanding and tackling County Line issues in their area.

To increase awareness of county lines for the management team, practitioners and volunteers working in YOTs and the Secure Estate some materials have been linked below:


Please also see County Lines - Islington for more details about how work to address County Lines is being implemented locally.

This page will also include further materials and examples as they become available.

Published in Serious Youth Violence
Summary: Template used by Islington YOS for sharing information and data concerning county lines between YOS, Police, Children Social Care and other key organisations
Age: n/a
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a



  • To support the Service to have a better understanding of some of the young people attending the YOS, TYS and other services
  • To enable practitioners to work in a targeted manner with young people
  • Strategically for senior management to consider further partnerships, information sharing procedures.



Islington YOS have completed an analysis of the young people that are involved (either through being exploited or in a criminal capacity) in Country Lines. The purpose is to support the joint work of the YOS, Police, Children Social Care and other key organisations in working together to support the work being undertaken with those young people and the young people themselves. Currently Islington YOS are involved MOPAC’s forthcoming summit on County Lines which will hopefully further shape the thinking around this piece of work.


Implementing the practice:

  • Islington YOS gather the information from cross comparison of the YOS, Police, Community Safety and Targeted Youth Support service data
  • The information is analysed by the Integrated Gangs Team and shared to inform practice.
  • Once all the information is collected the attached template is used to show case the data and information to YOS staff, as well as Targeted Youth Support, IGT and Community Safety, the YOS and other services will use this data to inform assessments and interventions with young people.
  • Consideration will also be given to whether the young person is being exploited under the Modern Slavery legislation definition, and therefore prosecution should be lifted.



YOT: Islington Youth Offending Service
Name: Liz Westlund


Published in Serious Youth Violence

County Lines Violence, Exploitation & Drug Supply 2017 briefing report, published by National Crime Agency provides a national overview on the threat of ‘county lines’ drug supply, violence and exploitation. The information assessed for this report was provided by 43 territorial forces across England & Wales (100%).


Published in Serious Youth Violence
Thursday, 21 September 2017 11:03

First Aid Programme with StreetDoctors

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: yes




  • Support young people to learn first aid skills
  • Provide young people with further knowledge around the impact incidents involving weapons
  • Challenge young people’s perception of violence



Sutton Youth Offending Team run a First Aid Programme in partnership with StreetDoctors. The session aims to challenge young people’s attitudes towards violence. The young people are taught practical lifesaving skills and learn about the impact and consequence of violence on the individual such as long term disability.  Two workshops are available, what to do if you find someone bleeding and what to do if you find someone unconscious.

The training aims to improve their confidence, aspirations and feelings of self-worth, and increase their willingness to act if present at the scene of a medical emergency.
Each workshop lasts one hour and following completion young people are provided with a certificate issued by Streetdoctors.

'What to do if someone is bleeding' covers how to call an ambulance and deliver immediate first aid to someone who is bleeding, before professional help arrives. Streetdoctors explain the science behind blood loss and why it is important to call for help. The session is practical, using role playing scenarios to prepare young people to use skills in an emergency.

'What to do when someone is unconscious' informs young people on how to assess if someone is unconscious. How to put them in the recovery position if they are breathing, or deliver chest compressions if they are not breathing. Streetdoctors explain how the heart, blood and lungs work together and what happens if they are not working. Young people practice putting someone in the recovery position and delivering CPR with dummies so that in a real life situation they are ready to act. 



Implementing the Practice:

  • The young people that are referred to the programme are those that have Orders for weapons or violent offences (although the group would still be suitable for Out of Court Disposals)
  • 2 YOT staff attend, together with staff provided by StreetDoctors
  • Group is run with 10 young people
  • Costs is £50 per workshop



YOT: Sutton Youth Offending Service
Name: Keeley Wilcox
Email: keeley.wilcox@sutton.gov.uk

Source Organisation:

London-wide StreetDoctors: info@streetdoctors.org
Published in Practice Examples
Age: 10 upwards
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a




  • To ensure appropriate and timely sharing of information around young people involved or at the periphery of gang related activity



Thurrock YOS have created and lead on the Gang Related Violence Operation Group. The group, which is chaired by the YOS GRV lead looks both at children and young people and adult gang nominals. 


The Gang Related Violence Operation Group was put together and created locally. The performance framework was designed to reflect the findings from Thurrock Home Office review (a model based on prevention, disruption and enforcement).

The Group has been in operation for three years and it has been approved and supported by the Gang Related Violence strategic group and Community Safety Partnership.  There are three core elements at the base of the Group - prevent, disrupt and enforce and these are measured separately, as they can often contradict one another (for example through other appropriate groups and meetings).

Attached, there are two documents:

1. Gang related violence group throughput data 2016-17 – this is a document that looks at the data collected in 2016-2017 in regards to the key performance indicators around gang activity
2. Performance Indicators for the Gang Related Violence Group 2016-2017 – this is a document that specifically looks at key performance indicators



Implementing the Practice:

  • YOS have a GRV lead who created, leads and chairs the GRV Operation Group
  • The meetings are held on a monthly basis
  • The meetings are attended by the YOS, CRC, NPS, Raptor (Essex Police), BTP, Housing and Children Social Care
  • All the information or action plan that comes from the meeting is disseminated back to the original referred and those working directly with the young people
  • The YOS collects the data and analysis the data




YOT: Thurrock YOS
Name: Ceryl Marsh
Email: cmarsh@thurrock.gov.uk

Published in Serious Youth Violence
Friday, 17 November 2017 17:01

Group Mentoring

Age: 10-17
Sex:  N/A
Cost  Yes



  • Encourage team building and facilitate peer to peer mentoring in a controlled space. 
  • Challenging a value system supporting a crime and gang culture
  • Encouraging positive lifestyle choices
  • Promote strength and benefits of living in a diverse culture



Spark2Life’s (S2L) approach is based on meaningful mentoring - building trust with the group, promoting a team culture across the group, creating a safe and secure environment and good aftercare and support to mentees.

Spark2life have been working with the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham (LBBD) Youth Offending Team (YOT) since 2010 and have worked with several other YOT’s in other London Boroughs.

Key features of the Mentoring Programme –

  • S2L staff have been trained through our holistic mentoring Programme and specifically on identifying the personality type and learning styles of themselves and their mentees
  • We have worked in a group mentoring format (maximum 10 people to a group) on a weekly basis with approximately 140 young people aged between 13-18 who were on Intensive Supervision Surveillance (SS)
  • Our one hour interactive sessions cover a range of topics such as: What are our triggers: Healthy communication: React or Respond; Leadership skills; Confidence building
  • Where necessary, we devise bespoke sessions for the group

We facilitate male and female group mentoring in Pupil Referral Units (PRU)’s


Implementing the Practice:

As of 2016, 2 hours on Saturday was added to this contract. From 2016 these sessions operated without the presence of the Youth Offending Team (YOT) worker and was monitored by the S2L worker emailing weekly case notes via secure email (CJSM).

  • S2L provide YOT worker with detailed weekly case notes covering the group session content, aims and objectives,
  • S2L monitor each young person’s response to the session, staff member and engagement reporting back to YOT via with case notes
  • After each session, young people compete feedback questioners on the session
  • S2L meet with the LBBD YOT coordinator for a quarterly report on the Group Mentoring Programme



Source Organisation: Spark2life
Name: Melvyn Naidoo
Telephone: 0208 619 1355
E-mail: melvyn@spark2life.co.uk
Website: www.spark2life.co.uk
YOT: Barking and Dagenham YOT
Name: Robert Harris
Telephone: 0208 2273690
E-mail: robert.harris@lbbd.gov.uk
Published in Practice Examples
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