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Wednesday, 25 May 2016 14:26

Aggression Replacement Training

Classification: Level 2
Duration: 10 weeks
Age: 10-17
Sex: Both
Cost: Yes




  • Support young people who have exhibited aggressive behaviour
  • Support young people to reduce some of their violent/aggressive incidents



Aggression Replacement Training is a programme which is made up of three core areas; SkillStreaming (which is pro-social interpersonal skills. Eg. What to do instead of aggression), Anger Control Trainings, (which supports young people to know what to do if provoked) and finally Moral Reasoning Training, (which promotes positive values and supports young people to use interpersonal and anger management taught skills).

The programme is 10 weeks long and covers 30 sessions.




External Organisation: Aggressive Replacement Training
Name: Mark Amendola
Email: mamendola@roadrunner.com
Web: http://uscart.org/new/



Tuesday, 14 June 2016 15:31

Back on track

Age: 10-18
Sex: n/a
Cost: no




  • To lead the attendees away from offending
  • To lead attendees away from anti-social behaviour
  • Increased engagement in ETE
  • Further training at a higher level post accreditation from this course
  • Offers opportunities to showcase achievements through both live performances at prestigious local venues and recordings of their work




Back on Track is a music-based intervention covering all aspects of music production. It is designed to help engage the most difficult to reach young people and delivered as a group-based tutor-led programme of 2-hours duration/per session where attendance is open-ended. Attendees can drop in for a session or several sessions with the opportunity to gain accreditation for their learning with Arts Awards and Rock School.



What makes it work:

  • It allows the participants to develop interests they may already have in music
  • It employs local tutors – who have both a background in music and who are skilled in engaging with and working with challenging young people
  • It operates at community venues which have other provisions available, for example community centres and youth centres where signposting to other facilities is readily available for the young people attending
  • It allows the young people to gain accreditation for the work they produce via Arts Award and Rockschool
  • It allows participants to develop positive relations with their fellow attendees



Implementing the practice:

In the first instance try to obtain funding from one or a combination of the following organisations -

  • National Foundation of Youth Music
  • UNITAS Arts Council (England)
  • Big Lottery
  • Local Organisations

Once funding has been obtained move to the implementation stage -

  • Locate venues which have adequate provisions and facilities specific to the running of this course
  • Organise the venue(s) and match the tutors to locations – dependent upon the geographical configuration of your YOT




YOT: Cheshire West, Halton and Warrington Youth Offending Service
Name: Chris Sweeting
Telephone: 0151 530 5253


Source Organisation: Score Creative Education
Name: Stephen Oates

Published in Practice Examples
Tuesday, 01 March 2016 16:00


 Age:  10-18
 Sex:  Male
 Cost:   Yes (please note that it is not yet available for purchase)



Aimed at:

  • Boyhood2Manhood is aimed at young males to support and challenge myths and attitudes purveyed towards others.
  • The group work programme promotes a positive, safe place for young man to voice their beliefs and opinions and to be challenged safely by their peers and facilitators.
  • The group work programme supports the young men to increase self-esteem and emotional well being, utilising emotional intelligence to reduce conflict and promote tolerance within the group.



Intended Outcomes:

  • To improve decision making/consequential thinking
  • To challenge and change attitudes towards women
  • To raise awareness around sexual health issues
  • To promote healthy relationships
  • To reduce the risks of alcohol/drug use
  • To promote constructive leisure
  • To promote healthy living and socialising positively
  • To challenge violent attitudes





The programme is run weekly for 11 weeks, each session lasting 1.5 hours.  There is a pre group work session with all young people, to support and increase attendance and motivation.  The Programme itself runs for 11 weeks and it is run by three male staff  members (from the YOS, Early Help Team and Turning Point).  The programme offers the young people the opportunity to gain an accreditation through ''Passport for Independence''.  Some of the areas covered during the programme include; 

  1. Positive male identities and self-esteem
  2. Anger
  3. Sexual health
  4. Relationships, including domestic violence and positive relationships
  5. Alcohol and drugs 




What Makes it Work:

  • The programme has been available at Suffolk YOS since November 2006 and young people have provided positive feedback 
  • Staff that run the programme are trained to deliver the content 
  • The programme is run three times per year 
  • The programme is viewed as a success and staff also run a condensed 6 week version in mainstream, PRU’s and alternative provisions in order to engage young man rior to entering the YJS



Implementing the Practice:

  • All young man that participate meet with the facilitator prior to the start in order to decrease any anxieties and increase attendance and motivation 
  • All participants are provided with a weekly timetable 
  • All participants are texted on the day of the session to support attendance 
  • Each group has a peer mentor (who is a young person from the previous group who has been recognised to have made positive changes) who acts as a conduit between staff and young people
  • Currently the programme is not available for purchase, however Gary and Scott are available for discussions around how to implement male specific programmes




YOT: Suffolk Youth Offending Service
Name: Gary Yates and Scott Reynolds
Telephone: Gary 07734478881 
Scott 07515187863
Email: Gary.Yates@suffolk.gov.uk  Scott.Reynolds@Suffolk.gov.uk 

Published in Practice Examples
Tuesday, 12 April 2016 15:37

Breaking the Chain

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none




  • Support young people that have committed an offence of cruelty to animal/s to increase their knowledge and understanding around the harm caused


Breaking the Chain is a resource (created in partnership with YOTs) which has been designed to be used with young people who are at risk of committing, or have been convicted, of cruelty to animals. It contains over 25 separate activities which are organised into nine areas of focus. These areas of focus include activities which encourage the development of empathy towards animals, explore what cruelty to animals is and why it is unacceptable, consider what triggers cruelty to animals and the subsequent consequences, and encourages them to develop their own personal action plan to prevent involvement in this type of crime. Ideas for suitable reparation activities are also provided. The variety of activities ensure that different age ranges and learning styles are catered for. Each activity has an accompanying facilitation guide which suggests how to run the activity and provides useful information to support the focus of the session.

The online assessment tool provides guidance on developing an individualised intervention programme for the young person.

The resource is free to download from http://education.rspca.org.uk/education/youthintervention

CD-Rom versions of the interactive activities are available by e-mailing the education team using the contact us section of the website.




Source Organisation: RSPCA Education
Email: david.allen@rspca.org.uk
Web: http://education.rspca.org.uk/education/home

Published in Resources For Sharing
Thursday, 22 December 2016 11:17

Cardiff Triage

Age: 10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  yes




  • At the earliest opportunity to divert young people committing low level offences away from the Criminal Justice System into effective interventions to reduce re-offending
  • Further reduce youth crime through early identification of risk leading to a swift, appropriate and effective diversionary Restorative Justice response
  • Increase community confidence in the Criminal Justice System through greater involvement of victims and witnesses and restorative justice
  • To improve collaboration and decision making at the point of arrest resulting in interventions which are more targeted and proportionate
  • Identify risk and share relevant information across South Wales Police and Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service (YOS) on more serious/ persistent young offenders so leading to more strategic partnership working and a more effective response to the needs of the young person




Cardiff Triage was developed in 2009 using Youth Crime Action Plan monies and was subsequently funded through the Welsh Government's Safer Communities Fund. The model was developed to provide a restorative disposal model for Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan counties using the new central custody suite hub which opened in October 2009 in Cardiff Bay Police Station. The model was developed from examining best practice from the sixty-nine Triage schemes that were operating in England. Triage is now funded via the Community Safety Division Promoting Positive Engagement for Young People (at risk of offending) Grant. Eligible young people receive a holistic assessment looking at all aspects of their lives with the aim of informing a mutually agreed intervention plan between the worker and young person/ family. This intervention plan will include work with the Triage worker and is likely to include referrals to other specialist agencies for issues including self-harm, mental health issues and substance misuse. It also includes a restorative justice intervention with the young person aiming to make amends with the victim. For a general overall please see Triage


Implementing the Practice:

  • Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan YOS utilise Triage as their formal diversion programme. Media Academy Cardiff are commissioned out of Welsh Government Promoting Positive Engagement Regional Grant.
  • The utilisation of a third sector organisation brings additional benefits to young people; specifically that they do not identify themselves as being with the ‘YOT’ which assists with the overall ethos of Diversion




YOT: Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service
Name: Mark Bishop
Telephone: 01446 745820
Email: MBishop@valeofglamorgan.gov.uk
Source Organisation: Media Academy Cardiff
Name: Nick Corrigan/Sam Heatley
Telephone: 02920 667 668/02920 235 750 
Email: nick@mediaacademycardiff.org/sam@mediaacademycardiff.org

Published in Practice Examples
Summary: The toolkit is aimed at those working directly with children identified as vulnerable to exploitation.
Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: n/a



  • Supporting children’s understanding of gangs and the associated risks.
  • Supporting children’s understanding of exploitation, the different ways they could be exploited, and how to identify and avoid it.
  • Support the children exploring the risks in their behaviour.
  • Building effective relationships between practitioner and child.




The toolkit is aimed at those working directly with children identified as vulnerable to exploitation. It is presented as a selection of individual activities that can be completed on a 1:1 basis or as part of a group work programme.

The toolkit aims to help build resilience in children by facilitating their understanding of the risks involved exploitation, while letting them explore their own understanding of their behaviour and environments. It seeks to help them identify and realise the dangers that are posed by becoming involved in drug related activity.

Child drugs exploitation is one on the many elements of Child Criminal Exploitation which may also include, County lines involvement, child sexual exploitation and Modern slavery.

The toolkit has been developed with the full involvement of young people and in conjunction with the Police and Children’s social care.



Implementing the Practice:

  • This programme is used with any child who is considered at risk of being involved in drug or gang activity.
  • A specialist Substance Misuse and Exploitation team has been established and they have been trained in the use of the toolkit and deliver the sessions with the children.
  • The substance Misuses and Exploitation team has volunteers that they are able to use to support the work with the children.
  • The toolkit is used flexibly, based on the needs of the individual child.
  • Following each session, the children are able to provide feedback.
  • Laptops, pens and paper will be required for this programme.




YOT: Oxfordshire Youth Offending Service
Name: Jenny Bryan
Email: Jenny.Bryan@Oxfordshire.gov.uk.cjsm.net
Phone: 01865816500



Published in Serious Youth Violence
Wednesday, 17 February 2016 15:59

Deal or No Deal

Age: 14-18
Sex: n/a
Cost: None



Aimed at:

  • The programme is intended for young people between the ages of 14 – 18, who have been convicted of possession with intent to supply (PWITS).



Intended Outcomes:

  • To reduce the likelihood of re-offending by helping young people to understand the range of consequences of drug dealing in the longer term and presenting education, training and employment as a viable alternative.
  • To highlight the dangers of drug dealing in regards to the risk to the young person and their family.




Deal or No Deal is a 1:1 programme based on one hour a week session for six weeks that looks to tackle the issues surrounding drug dealing at street level.

Each session, looks at different parts of drug dealing. Primarily it focus on; the effects of young people’s actions and the impact on others.   




What Makes it Work:

  • It is a 1:1 programme specifically targeted at young people that are selling drugs.
  • Programme focuses on the risk factors associated with dealing drugs for the young person and relevant others.
  • Programme reinforces positive messages regarding engagement with employment, education and training with an emphasises on the negative aspects around the reality of drug dealing



Implementing the Practice:

  • Practitioners should already have skills in delivering 1:1 sessions with young people.
  • Programme should be targeted to young people that are involved in drug dealing, therefore knowledge of offending history is required.
  • Sessions should be run in a quite safe and secure location.
  • Access to a computer in order to watch some of the clips and access online resources  




YOT: Hillingdon Youth Offending Service
Name: Daniel Welsh
Telephone: 01895 277 959
Email: dwelsh@hillingdon.gov.uk 
Published in Practice Examples
Wednesday, 17 February 2016 15:02

Definitive Intervention System

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: None



Aimed at:

  • Youth offending services practitioners working with young people in the community, to support them to create individual intervention packs for young people.



Intended Outcomes:

  • The implementation of a standard approach to creating bespoke intervention packs for each young person on a community order.
  • Ensures that appropriate interventions are selected and completed regardless of staff turnover/sickness/unforeseen absences the work is completed.     




The Definitive Intervention System (DIS) is a database containing all of the interventions offered by Darlington YOT.  The DIS was created so that all interventions are placed in both a physical and electronically shared space that can be accessed by all practitioners, thereby ensuring that practitioners have the tools necessary to create individual and appropriate packs of work for young people subject to court orders and out of court disposals.  

The ‘Intervention Checklist Form’ can be populated using information from the assessment, court outcome and panel contract, this is then used to assist in the creation of the young persons ‘intervention pack’ of work. Any court ordered programmes can be added to the ‘referral’ tab on the database at this point or earlier. 

An Intervention Pack is created for each young person by matching identified areas of work with interventions in the database, dates of programmes can also be added to this using the 'scheduled courses’ tab within the database. 

The database can also be used to log where reference documents (e.g. Stones Justice Manuals/AIM Manuals), tools (e.g. learning style questionnaires) and referral forms for other services can be found.   




What Makes it Work:

  • To support all practitioners to employ a standardised approach when deciding which intervention would be most appropriate to assign to a young person.  
  • There is a wide range of interventions available.
  • The system makes it easy to identify gaps in current service provision.
  • In Darlington YOS there is a nominated officer that maintains the system up to date.
  • The system supports sharing of intervention amongst practitioners to decrease replication of work. 




Implementing the Practice:

  • Although it will take one or two dedicated staff to set up the electronic systems and physical location counterparts, the aim is that the system as a whole is embedded into service delivery so that it does not become defunct, neglected and ineffective.
  • Managerial support and a willingness to confront current working practices - this will ensure that the system is adopted. The benefits will be felt by the entire service.
  • Develop in house resources or sessions and add these to the system as well as ones that are bought, received from other services or taken from the effective practice library.
  • No matter how large or small a service may be, the need for an organised electronic and physical set of interventions is paramount in ensuring that the work completed with young people is meaningful and appropriate.
  • Once the system is setup, continue to evaluate the interventions used, ask young people to state how they found the work and areas for improvement.




YOT: Darlington Youth Offending Service
Name: Michael Barr
Telephone: 01325 406407 (ext: 6407)
Email: michael.barr@darlington.gov.uk   
Published in Practice Examples
Tuesday, 27 June 2017 15:30

Desistance,Identity and Belonging

Desistence is a concept at the heart of current thinking in youth justice and a key factor embedded within the AssetPlus framework.

Many YOTs however, have reported not necessarily understanding what ‘desistence’ is and how it impacts upon their work with young offenders.  As such, the question has been asked as how best to support YOTs in understanding and then discussing ‘desistence’ as part of their workforce development?

This short video (25 mins) is a means of providing an informed and valuable context to the subject for practicioners,managers and volunteers working with young people,




We have also attached a proposed group session format for those teams that wish to run training as a group session.

Published in Training Documents
Wednesday, 17 February 2016 15:31

Diversity Workbook

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none



Aimed at:

  • Young people that have taken part in a racially aggravated offence or elements of racial discrimination have been identified during assessment.



Intended Outcomes:

  • To explore the diversity, discrimination and racism.
  • To increase knowledge and understanding of young people of diversity and human migration.
  • To understand the effects of discrimination.
  • To build empathy and challenge discriminatory attitudes.
  • To prevent further discriminatory behaviour and offending. 




This is a 1:1 or group work intervention aimed at addressing discriminatory attitudes, specifically racism in young people, through a mixture of education and cognitive behavioural style exercises. The duration of the programme can be between 5 to 8 sessions lasting 30 minutes each.

Training is not required for the delivery of this pack; however there is a substantial guidance pack labelled ‘tutor notes’ which has to be read prior to completion and run through with a colleague to ensure that the exercises are set up correctly with an understanding of the learning points for the different exercises.

The facilitator would benefit from experience in motivational interviewing to ensure that the materials elicit meaningful information in a positive manner. 

The pack contains several exercises, it can be completed in full from start to end or different exercises can be selected depending on relevance and appropriateness. A streamlined package could include a more selective attitudes questionnaire, an explanation of migration, a traits exercise and some of the difficulties involved in moving.

Alterations to the attitudes questionnaires and case studies can be made to ensure that they meet any specific areas that needs to be explored.



What Makes it Work:

  • The pack is flexible and can be used to address the topic in a short form or as a more in depth focused piece of work.
  • The pack utilises a range of delivery methods throughout, delivery of the pack should be able to cater for differing learning styles.
  • The exercises and their effectiveness will depend on the facilitator; however the pack is well ordered in terms of building an understanding of the practice and includes opportunities to challenge attitudes and beliefs.
  • The pack exercises and set up steers away from judgemental ‘you are wrong’ rhetoric and is most effective when the young person is able to challenge their attitudes through the educational exercises.



Implementing the Practice:

  • Practitioner should utilise the pack as a recording sheet and create larger versions of some of the exercises, write down answers and comments on the page relating to the exercises done on a larger scale.
  • The facilitator needs to have been through the pack previously with the tutor notes, ensuring they know the purpose of each exercise, where to take discussions and how to challenge particular answers if needed.
  • Utilise the additional printable materials, these are larger versions of two exercises to be cut out and used. This makes the work pack more engaging. 


YOT: Darlington Youth Offending Service
Name: Michael Barr
Telephone: 01325 406407 (ext.6407)
Email: michael.barr@darlington.gov.uk
Published in Practice Examples
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