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Care of Unaccompanied Migrant Children and Child Victims of Modern Slavery (Statutory Guidance for Local Authorities) sets out the steps that local authorities and staff running local multi-agency safeguarding arrangements should take to plan for the provision of support for looked-after children who are unaccompanied migrant children, and who may be victims, or potential victims, of modern slavery.

The Howard League have published two documents in relation to children in Care Homes, that are relevant:

The Criminal Care: Children’s Homes are Criminalising Children (2016), which provides some data analysis around the number of children in care and the extent of their criminalisation.

The Ending the Criminalisation of Children in Residential Care (2017) which is the first of a series of briefing, that will be published alongside a programme of research and campaign work. The aim of this briefing is to clarify why so many children in children’s homes are getting into trouble and to work with the police and children’s homes to find examples of best practice to prevent their unnecessary criminalisation.

Tuesday, 12 July 2016 11:17

Heritage Panel

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none




  • The Panel will provide a forum to ensure that the specific needs of BME young people are promptly and specifically identified and recorded within the Care/Action Plan
  • The Panel will monitor the progress of Care/Action Plans



The Looked After Children’s Heritage Panel has been set up to promote positive and relevant social work practice and resources in relation to meeting the needs of Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) children and young people who are looked after by the Local Authority.

The children who fall under the purview of the Panel are BME young people who are cared for by the Local Authority’s own Young People’s Residential Homes (YPRH’s) and Foster Placements; or commissioned by the Local Authority i.e. external Residential and Foster Placements, and Secure Accommodation.

Information will be fed back via the Extended Senior Management Team (ESMT) to promote resources, and to inform future policy and planning in Children's Services.




YOT: Leicester Youth Offending Service
Name: Karen Manville
Telephone: 0116 4544600
Email: Karen.Manville@leicester.gov.uk 




Published in Resources For Sharing

The purpose of 'Understanding why looked after children in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent are over represented in the Criminal Justice System' report is to investigate and better understand the local picture of children in care who are involved in offending behaviour to help shape commissioning responses to these challenges, specifically in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent. 


This report, commissioned by the Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent Offender Management Commissioning Development Board, with funding from the Office of the Police and Crime Commissioner for Staffordshire, has been produced by a joint working group including members from Staffordshire County Council, Stoke-on-Trent City Council, Staffordshire Police and Youth Offending Services (YOS).


Please see attached below ‘Joint Protocol to Reduce the Prosecution of Looked After Children’.  



YOT: Staffordshire Youth Offending Team
Name: Nicki Moss
Email: nicki.moss@staffordshire.gov.uk




Published in Resources For Sharing
Friday, 24 June 2016 14:54

National Citizen Service with The Challenge

Age: 15-17 (specifically young people in year 11 and 12 only)
Sex: n/a
Cost: £50 maximum, financial bursaries are offered for the personal coach scheme there is no cost




  • Support young people to have new positive experience and give something back to their community
  • Support young people to build self-confidence, responsibility and social skills people
  • Engage young people in new opportunities to help them build a strong foundation as they transition into adulthood.
  • Support and enable young people from a wide range of backgrounds to meet to help beat the stereotypes and issues amongst young people



The National Citizen Service (NCS) is a government backed three phase programme designed for young people aged 15-17 years, however, the young person must be turning 16 by the 31st August before the start of the programme. All year 11 and year 12 students are is eligible, including young people that are not in education employment or training.

The programme lasts for 3 weeks and is run nationally, The Challenge is one of the largest providers of NCS and is run in 7 regions. The first part ‘Get Active’ take place in an outdoor activity centre and is a residential with other young people, secondly ‘Get Involved’ – The young people are encouraged to learn new skills in one of five areas such as; sport, drama, photography, enterprise and art. Once they have developed this skill they go into the community and teach other young people the new skillset. Finally part three ‘Make your Mark’ –is where young people create and lead in a social action project. Once they have completed the programme they receive a certificate from the Prime Minister. The young people then have the opportunity to engage in The Challenge graduate opportunities to support them into work and further education.

The programme has various start dates throughout the summer as well as an autumn programme during then half term.

Young people can be provided with a placement following from a completed referral from a professional. The young people are then allocated into a team depending on their interests and skillset.

NCS with The Challenge also has a further unique aspect in that it also offers a personal coach scheme, designed specifically for hard to reach young people. The personal coach scheme allows support before the programme, one to one support during as well after the programme.

This scheme is specifically for young people known by the local authorities such as young people in care or in the criminal justice system.


Please note that the NCS Programme was evaluated in 2014, and it showed some positive outcomes.  If you would like to access the full report, you can do so here.


Implementing the Practice:

  • Slough YOT was introduced to the local Outreach Associate from NCS the Challenge and a presentation took place to explain to all staff members.
  • Slough YOT completed the referral form for each young people and emailed it over to the NCS representative.
  • Following the referral being accepted, the referees will need to participate in a 40 minutes (approximately) telephone contact with NCS to discuss the referral in further depth. A risk assessment may also be required to ensure NCS can put all the appropriate support in place prior to the programme.
  • The Outreach Associate from NCS for the area then meets with all the young people individually and starts to build positive relationships. Based on these meetings there will be a match for the personal coach to the young person.
  • The personal coach, young person, Key worker and NCS Representative will have an initial meeting 2 weeks before the programme starts. After this initial meeting the personal coach and young person will meet again alone to help build further rapport.
  • On the start date the personal coach will travel with the young person to the programme and all logistical support is provided by NCS




YOT: Slough Youth Offending Team
Name: Barbara Griffith
Email: Barbara.Griffith@scstrust.co.uk
Source Organisation: NCS The Challenge (Berkshire and Buckinghamshire)
Name: Roxanne Potts
Email: roxanne.potts@the-challenge.org
Telephone: 07469151497
Web: www.ncsthechallenge.org


Published in Practice Examples

The Department for Education, in partnership with statutory and voluntary sector has published the National Protocol on Reducing Unnecessary Criminalisation of Looked-After Children and Care Leavers to support the work of local authority children’s services, local care providers (fostering services, children’s homes and other arrangements), police forces, Youth Offending Teams (YOTs), the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) and HM Courts and Tribunal Service (HMCTS), local Youth Panel (Magistrates), and local health services including mental health in working with children that are looked after.

Its key purpose is to encourage and provide the framework for these agencies to co-develop local arrangements to reduce the unnecessary criminalisation of looked-after children and care leavers.


The Planning for discharge – transition tips document (attached) is a helpful tool of hints, tips and strategies to try and help make the transition process less stressful for the young person. It is the product of a collaborative effort by the staff and professionals within the secure estate who have worked with the young person during their time in custody. The young person also feeds into the guide.

It is intended to be an informative guide with a holistic approach for professionals / staff/ carers / parents to use to get to know ‘what works’ and what doesn’t for that specific young person. It is designed to encourage positive relationships with the young person prior to release and helping to ensure that their individual needs continue to be met in the community.

The Aims of the Planning for discharge – transition tips document are to -

  •  Help promote positive relationship building within community placements prior to leaving custody
  •  Ease the transition back into the community post custody for both the young person and staff / carers / parents
  •  Share ‘what works’ strategies  that the custodial establishment have found to be successful for that young person in bringing about positive change
  •  Reduce the young person’s risk of re-offending and high risk behaviours in the community  by better managing risks and maintaining the positive change achieved in custody
Published in Custody and Community

Children’s Commissioner have published the Stability Index for 2018. The report is an annual measure of the stability of the lives of children in care. It aims to shed a light on the issue of stability, provide data that allows stability to be monitored over time, and ultimately drive improvements in stability for children in care.

Thursday, 02 March 2017 15:30

Sunderland Joint Agency Protocol

 Age: 10-18
 Sex:  n/a
 Cost:  no



  • To reduce the looked after offending rates within Sunderland and the childrens homes within Sunderland.



The attached protocol was devised following liaison with Derbyshire YOT regarding their protocol about offending by children in care 2015. This resulted in Sunderland Local Authority (LA) making a submission to the Lord Laming independent review – Keeping children in care out of trouble in order to highlight the need to tackle the looked after offending rates in Sunderland.

The protocol covers the LA childrens homes in Sunderland and it aims to reduce the unnecessary criminalisation of children’s behaviours whilst living in residential care through the use of Diversion Panels and Restorative Justice approaches.



YOT: Sunderland Youth Offending Service
Name: Jenifer Dickinson
Telephone: 0191 5614000
E-mail: Jenifer.dickinson@sunderland.gov.uk  
Published in Resources For Sharing

The Neglected Needs of Care Leavers in the Criminal Justice System: Practitioners’ Perspectives and the Persistence of Problem (Corporate) Parenting is an article concerned with the over-representation and mistreatment of care leavers in the Criminal Justice System. It draws upon a study of a unique intervention for care leavers (aged 18–25 years of age) subject to an intensive community order.

Published in Knowledge and Evidence
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