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Thursday, 07 January 2016 16:27

Alcohol Awareness Workpack

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none



Intended outcomes:

  • The young person to gain a greater awareness of the role of Alcohol in their life and the potential detrimental effects and impact.  
  • Guide the young person towards safer drinking behaviour, minimising risks of harm.
  • Encourage the young person to review their drinking behaviour and possibly make them more willing to engage in specialist services to look at reduction.


The Alcohol Awareness work pack comprises intervention materials designed to explore the reasons behind the young person consuming alcohol and the impact that this has on their life and their family members.

The materials should be delivered by someone skilled in motivational interviewing, the materials require at least three different coloured pens, pencils and for one exercise access to the internet and the website www.youtube.com. The pack here is for 1:1 work, however the materials can and have been adapted to work in a group setting.

The pack is flexible in terms of duration, for low intensity/dosage orders a selection of exercises (pages 1-3, 5-7, 11 & 12) can be chosen, for young people with suitable need and length of time to complete the full pack can be completed. The work pack can change in duration depending on the young person’s engagement, knowledge and willingness to explore their alcohol consumption. 

Please see the supporting materials for:

Alcohol Awareness Pack – Guidance Sheet (This is an overview of each page including tutor notes for delivery)

Effects of Alcohol Cards (This is a published document including 6 effects of alcohol cards that best used when printed, trimmed and laminated)

What Makes it Work:

  • The pack is flexible and can be used to address basic awareness as well as more problematic alcohol consumption. 
  • The pack utilises a range of delivery methods throughout and caters for all learning styles. 
  • The exercises and their effectiveness will depend on the facilitator; however the pack is a well ordered and simple way of exploring alcohol consumption with a young person. 
  • Although the facilitator would benefit from some knowledge on the subject, the pack works in a way that allows the young person and facilitator to work through each exercise without it being a lecture on alcohol consumption. 
  • The pack, exercises and set up steers away from right and wrong rhetoric and is most effective when the young person is able to challenge their own drinking behaviour by simply completing the tasks with the aid of some further exploratory questions from a facilitator. 

Implementing The Practice:

  • Deliver the pack to yourself or a co-worker prior to completing with a young person.
  • The pack is designed for A3 Landscape Colour Printing, however can be reduced to A4 should it be necessary, this does not reduce the effectiveness of the resource but potentially the ability for the young person to focus and engage in the exercises. 
  • As mentioned in the ‘How it works in practice’ section, a facilitator with motivational interviewing skills, in particular a non-judgemental and non-didactic approach.   
  • Fully utilising the multimedia elements of the session, although the pack can work without the ‘awareness campaigns’ exercise it is a different and interesting delivery method that has been warmly received by young people completing the pack. 
  • The pack is open to alteration and editing, for example the ‘awareness campaign’ exercise was added in 2013.


Darlington Youth Offending Service
Name: Michael Barr
Telephone:  01325 406407 (Ext: 6407)
Email:  michael.barr@darlington.gov.uk

Published in Practice Examples
Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: for ASDAN




  • Support young people to understand what 'Restorative Justice' means
  • Support young people to understand that there are different restorative solutions to making amends
  • For young people, to be able to take part in a restorative process and make amends



Lincolnshire Secure Unit (Secure Children’s Home), is a restorative unit where the focus is to resolve conflict within the unit restoratively and support young people to make amends for the harm caused.

It was recognised that some conflict will arise in the unit and it was felt that a restorative process is the most appropriate means to achieve resolution. It was felt that young people could also gain an accreditation for some of the work that would be taking place anyway. The award allows young people to achieve a recognised and accredited qualification and evidences that they have been able to take responsibility for their actions and repair some of the harm caused to others. The programme is used as part of the restorative process and preparing young people for meaningful restorative approaches, ensuring they understand what it involves. The programme has been moderated by one of the ASDAN assessors and published on the ASDAN Lifeskills Challenges website.


The programme has three core learning outcomes:

  1. Learning Outcome One: helps young people to understand what 'restorative justice' means. Young people are asked what they think it means and who could use it.
  2. Learning Outcome Two: asks young people to discuss five different ways that someone can make amends for causing harm to others and three examples of scenarios where a restorative approach may be appropriate.
  3. Learning Outcome Three: involves taking part in a restorative process and thinking about their feelings before, during and after, who was affected by their behaviour and what outcome was agreed to by all parties.


The programme is generally run in one or two sessions, after which the restorative meeting or chosen approach takes place, after which another meeting takes place to complete learning outcome three.  The programme is generally run on a 1:1 basis.



Implementing the Practice:

  • Staff that run the sessions must be trained in Restorative approaches
  • Young people are referred to the programme by their case manager
  • Staff have to be familiar with the programme, they do not need to have received specific training to run this programme




Establishment: Lincolnshire Secure Unit
Name: Lucy Creedon
Email: lucy.creedon@lincolnshire.gov.uk


Published in Practice Examples
Thursday, 22 December 2016 11:17

Cardiff Triage

Age: 10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  yes




  • At the earliest opportunity to divert young people committing low level offences away from the Criminal Justice System into effective interventions to reduce re-offending
  • Further reduce youth crime through early identification of risk leading to a swift, appropriate and effective diversionary Restorative Justice response
  • Increase community confidence in the Criminal Justice System through greater involvement of victims and witnesses and restorative justice
  • To improve collaboration and decision making at the point of arrest resulting in interventions which are more targeted and proportionate
  • Identify risk and share relevant information across South Wales Police and Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service (YOS) on more serious/ persistent young offenders so leading to more strategic partnership working and a more effective response to the needs of the young person




Cardiff Triage was developed in 2009 using Youth Crime Action Plan monies and was subsequently funded through the Welsh Government's Safer Communities Fund. The model was developed to provide a restorative disposal model for Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan counties using the new central custody suite hub which opened in October 2009 in Cardiff Bay Police Station. The model was developed from examining best practice from the sixty-nine Triage schemes that were operating in England. Triage is now funded via the Community Safety Division Promoting Positive Engagement for Young People (at risk of offending) Grant. Eligible young people receive a holistic assessment looking at all aspects of their lives with the aim of informing a mutually agreed intervention plan between the worker and young person/ family. This intervention plan will include work with the Triage worker and is likely to include referrals to other specialist agencies for issues including self-harm, mental health issues and substance misuse. It also includes a restorative justice intervention with the young person aiming to make amends with the victim. For a general overall please see Triage


Implementing the Practice:

  • Cardiff and Vale of Glamorgan YOS utilise Triage as their formal diversion programme. Media Academy Cardiff are commissioned out of Welsh Government Promoting Positive Engagement Regional Grant.
  • The utilisation of a third sector organisation brings additional benefits to young people; specifically that they do not identify themselves as being with the ‘YOT’ which assists with the overall ethos of Diversion




YOT: Vale of Glamorgan Youth Offending Service
Name: Mark Bishop
Telephone: 01446 745820
Email: MBishop@valeofglamorgan.gov.uk
Source Organisation: Media Academy Cardiff
Name: Nick Corrigan/Sam Heatley
Telephone: 02920 667 668/02920 235 750 
Email: nick@mediaacademycardiff.org/sam@mediaacademycardiff.org

Published in Practice Examples
Monday, 10 July 2017 14:49

Code of Practice for Victims of Crime

The Code of Practice for Victims of Crime, sets out the services that must be provided to victims of crime by organisations in England and Wales.


Monday, 15 August 2016 14:21

Enhanced Triage

Age: 10-17
Sex: n/a
Cost: none




  • To reduce the number of First Time Entrants to The Youth Justice System - by diverting young people committing low level offences away from the criminal justice system at the earliest opportunity.
  • Reduction in re-offending rates – research evidences that addressing low level criminal behaviour without formally processing young people through the courts is more likely to reduce re-offending
  • Earlier and more effective engagement with victims and increased levels of victim satisfaction – by increasing the opportunities for victims to participate in safe restorative justice approaches and enabling them to move on from the feeling of victimisation
  • Cost avoidance of the diversionary element of the scheme, primarily through avoided costs to the police and court system




Suffolk Youth Offending Service (SYOS) in partnership with Suffolk Constabulary developed an initiative building on the existing youth diversion scheme. The ‘Enhanced Triage’ scheme enables early screening and assessment of young people and their families whilst also improving consistent and integrated decision making between the police and youth offending service.

The details of the delivery model can be found below, however in a nutshell all referrals are screened by Suffolk YOS for an initial decision to be made regarding the young person’s suitability for a Triage Level 1 intervention or whether further assessment is necessary. In cases where further assessments are appropriate the young person could be subjected to a Level 2 Triage intervention, a Youth Caution or a Youth Conditional Caution.

Suffolk YOS have also developed the restorative justice approach based on the latest evidence of ‘what works’ and as part of the scheme the seconded Police Officer engages with the victims as well as deliver some of the restorative justice interventions.


What makes it work:

  • Earlier and more comprehensive assessments influence the quality of decision making for out of court options
  • Direct referral route for police officers to SYOS, without requiring attendance at a police custody suite with young people and parents / carers.
  • Dedicated police officers and YOS staff as decision makers support a more effective and consistent integrated decision making process
  • The majority of families can be seen within 48 hours of the referral through a home visit which addresses barriers to engagement, for example; poor access to transport for those living in a rural community
  • Police Officers and SYOS staff strongly support the scheme and the principles for taking a diversionary approach. The seconded police officers are proactive in advising operational officers on ‘next steps’ in an investigation involving young people and police officers report that this invariably streamlines the process and enables greater efficiencies to be achieved.



Implementing the practice:

  • The model in Suffolk required an additional policing resource to be seconded to the YOS. Some of this is offset by the efficiencies achieved for operational officers and taking on specific duties from custody / operational staff. In Suffolk the number of seconded police officers increased from 3 x FTE to 6 x FTE across three operational teams.
  • It requires a good working relationship between the police and the YOT both at strategic and operational levels.
    Suffolk YOS completed a staff consultation to change staff terms and conditions enabling weekend and evening working



YOT: Suffolk Youth Offending Service
Name: Belinda Clabburn
Telephone: 01502 674870
Email: Belinda.clabburn@suffolk.gov.uk


Published in Practice Examples
Friday, 20 October 2017 13:14

Fearless Intervention

Age:  11-17
 Sex:  n/a
 Cost:  n/a




  • Support young people to be aware of the impact of knife/weapons
  • Support young people to not become involved in knife/weapons awareness in the first instance through increasing knowledge



Nottingham City YOT use Fearless resource with young people that are identified by local schools at risk of offending and or anti-social behaviour. The session includes: weapons, vandalism, graffiti, arson, vehicle crime, robbery and theft, burglary, and assault. 

Prior to the Fearless session, young people are expected to participate and complete a 1 hour pre-session which focuses on communication and conflict. This intervention is currently being piloted with young people at Nottingham City YOT (please see attached below).



Implementing the practice:

  • Nottingham City YOT staff have completed training by Fearless to run the programme
  • Sessions are run in school in small groups of 6 with young people identified by the schools as being at risk of offending (although session can also be completed on a 1:1)
  • The communication and conflict session is completed with all young people due to attend the Fearless session as a supporting tool to ensure engagement in the main session




Youth Offending Team:   Nottingham City Youth Offending Team
Name:  Sonia Burton
Email: Sonia.Burton@nottinghamcity.gov.uk



Published in Practice Examples
Thursday, 01 December 2016 15:37

Letter of Apology to Victims

Age:  10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  no



  • To support young people to start considering the impact of their actions on their victim/s



This resource is designed to assist young people in the preparation, planning and production of a letter of apology. It is designed to be used in 1:1 sessions with young people.The resource supports young people to consider the structure of the letter as well as some of the potential content.



YOT: Wigan Youth Offending Team
Name: Graham Doubleday
Telephone: 01942 487100


Published in Resources For Sharing
Friday, 07 October 2016 13:07

Only Connect


Only Connect was commissioned by the North East London Resettlement Consortia (NELRC) to deliver an embedded (on the wings), restorative mediation service to tackle the increased violence in custody and support young people to exit gang lifestyle.


Dedicated workers have been placed at HMPYOI Feltham and HMPYOI Cookham Wood to engage with young people whilst in their cells and on the wings.


Operating a Multi-agency Restorative Justice model they provide high quality interventions to enable young people to constructively resolve conflict; increase their motivation to access support services and ultimately exit gang lifestyle. The link workers will support young people through the gate and into the community to facilitate a sustained motivation to exit gang lifestyle.


The embedded (on the wings) programme consists of four to nine RJ sessions, including two core sessions of Identity and Gang-lifestyle and activity. The nine sessions are as follows:


1. Identity
2. Emotional Literacy
3. Consequential thinking
4. Effective Communication
5. Healthy Relationships
6. Self-esteem/Self-talk
7. Gang-lifestyle and activity
8. Community status
9. Management of Emotions


If you would like more information on this service please contact Des Morrison des.morrison@onlyconnectuk.org

Published in Custody and Community


Age:  10-17
Sex:  n/a
Cost:  no




  • To demonstrate an ongoing evaluation and review of training delivery, and content which informs further planning for any subsequent courses.



To make sure an ongoing evaluation of training delivery and content, a four-stage training development model is used. Stage one requires a training needs analysis to be conducted with commissioners, identifying the required outcomes, learners’ current level of knowledge and individual learning needs. This process allows the training design to be tailored to meet both organisational and individual needs. As part of the training cycle, measuring success activities are carried out after each course. This includes trainer self-assessment, learner evaluation and commissioner feedback.

Evaluation data and trainers’ notes feed in to the four-stage training development cycle. Feedback collated from learners is reviewed and analysed in order to identify common themes and areas for improvements designed to meet learners’ needs. Discussions with commissioners post-training provides feedback on how well learning outcomes were met, and enables any further training needs to be established (starting the cycle again).

This tool has been used to evidence several criteria for the Training Provider Quality Mark (TPQM) as it provides a framework to record how decision-making around the design, delivery and continuous improvement of learning activities/programmes is informed by reflections from and discussions between facilitators, learners and commissioners.



YOT: Norfolk Youth Offending Service
Name: Patrycja Salbut-Jezior
Telephone: 01603 679125
E-mail: patrycja.salbut-jezior@norfolk.gov.uk   
Published in Resources For Sharing

The Restorative Justice Council has published Restorative Justice and Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Children in the Youth Justice System: A Restorative Justice Council Research Report, which looks at exploring the scale, nature and causes of BAME children and young people being less likely to access restorative justice than their white peers and makes recommendations for change.


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