Over representation and disproportionality

Addressing the disproportionate representation of children from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups is a priority for the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. This section includes examples of the work being undertaken by different agencies to address ethnic disproportionality in the youth justice system.

This page provides examples of programmes, interventions, reports, guidance, tools and templates on the work to address overrepresentation of children within the criminal justice system.  Examples have been provided by YOTS and other key partners within the criminal justice system.

‘None of us can fail to have been touched by the death of George Floyd and the renewed focus that it has rightly given to racism and discrimination. The Youth Justice Board has consistently set the tackling of disproportionality as a strategic priority and we know that there is much more to be done. For us, this will continue with…
Age: 10-17 Sex:  n/a Cost:  yes     Aims: At the earliest opportunity to divert young people committing low level offences away from the Criminal Justice System into effective interventions to reduce re-offending Further reduce youth crime through early identification of risk leading to a swift, appropriate and effective diversionary Restorative Justice response Increase community confidence in the Criminal Justice…
Age: 10-17 Sex: n/a Cost: n/a     Aims: To give young people the opportunity to explore their heritage and roots To give young people an opportunity to learn about various cultures as well as an improved sense of identity     Description: This is a Heritage Lottery funded project in which young people explore their roots and heritage through…
The Young Review aims to improve outcomes for black and/or Muslim young men in the criminal justice system and works closely with the Ministry of Justice, National Offender Management Service and the YJB to achieve this objective.    You can access the full report here, or via the Young Review website.
Age: 10-17 Sex: n/a Cost: none     Aims: The Panel will provide a forum to ensure that the specific needs of BAME young people are promptly and specifically identified and recorded within the Care/Action Plan The Panel will monitor the progress of Care/Action Plans     Description:The Looked After Children’s Heritage Panel has been set up to promote positive…
Catch 22 has been involved in the LIFT Children’s Homes Project. This was a two-year project designed to explore barriers and identify solutions with an aim of improving outcomes for young people leaving residential care and supported accommodation.  A series of briefings have been produced based on the findings of the project:  The LIFT Children’s Home Project Briefing – Overview…
The attached guide is the Crown Prosecution Service’s endorsed 10 point checklist for offences in Children’s Homes. Awareness of this best practice checklist can play a role in reducing the number of looked after children unnecessarily charged for offences committed in children’s homes. Further information and context regarding the checklist can be found on the Youth Justice Legal Centre’s website.
The Ethnic Disproportionality Tool is an Excel spreadsheet that provides information about how members of all ethnic groups, including those from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups, were represented in the Youth Justice System in England and Wales in the years ending March 2012 to March 2016. The aim of the tool is to support YOTs in addressing any…
The purpose of 'Understanding why looked after children in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent are over represented in the Criminal Justice System' report is to investigate and better understand the local picture of children in care who are involved in offending behaviour to help shape commissioning responses to these challenges, specifically in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent.    This report, commissioned by the Staffordshire…
Summary: The Lammy Review: Final Report, is an independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in the criminal justice system.   The Lammy Review: Final Report, is an independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in the criminal justice system. The review recommended that…
Summary: Below are two relevant documents by The Howard League in relation to children in Care Homes.   The Criminal Care: Children’s Homes are Criminalising Children (2016), which provides some data analysis around the number of children in care and the extent of their criminalisation. The Ending the Criminalisation of Children in Residential Care (2017) which is the first of…
Summary: Statistics from data sources across the Criminal Justice System that help to provide a combined perspective on the typical experiences of different ethnic groups.     Race and the Criminal Justice System (2016) compiles statistics from data sources across the Criminal Justice System (CJS), to provide a combined perspective on the typical experiences of different ethnic groups.  
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