Custody and resettlement

The Youth Custody Service (YCS) is a specialist service within Her Majesty’s Prison & Probation Service (HMPPS), that works with the children that are given a custodial sentence or remanded into custody by a Court. For further information concerning custody please click here.

Unfortunately, children in custody often still experience poor outcomes upon release. Constructive Resettlement aims to support a child in developing a pro-social identity and their journey towards a positive future. Constructive Resettlement requires a combination of individualised personal support- recognising a child’s strengths and capacity for change- and individualised, tailored structural support.

Resettlement is not a single transition point but a process that begins the very minute a child enters custody. Every contact will contribute to supporting a child in their journey towards a pro-social identity, every comment or gesture, every interaction no matter how big or small.

This section provides resources to support a child’s identity shift both in terms of the necessary personal support and structural support, including advice on how to overcome some of the structural barriers that might stand in a child’s way. There is also information concerning Youth Custody Service and managing children in custody.

Please click here for case guidance management, section 7 which is in relation to custody and resettlement and here for National Standards.  Please note that National Standards describe the principles by which the youth justice system operates, and the end result required for children. Case Management Guidance gives the ‘how to’ underpinning National Standards; guidance on how to achieve these aims.

Summary: This app aims to establish continuity of care to children on release from a YOI, provide information on local key health and wellbeing services, improve healthcare outcomes for children and aid resettlement process. Age: 14-17 Sex: n/a Cost: none     Description: Socrates 360 is an app and webpage that has been designed to help children take control of…
Summary: Beyond Youth Custody is a national programme which examines and promotes best practice in the resettlement of children and young adults leaving custody. You will find a number of useful resources (including briefings, practitioner guides, reports and updates) here.    
Age: 13-17 Sex: Male Cost: none     Aims: To learn what a baby and child needs from a parent, to learn about the impact of different parenting styles and to understand the positive and negative effects that parenting can have on a child. To understand the negative effect uninvolved, unreliable, criminal, violent and/or abusive fathers can have on their…
  The Planning for discharge – transition tips document (attached) is a helpful tool of hints, tips and strategies to try and help make the transition process less stressful for the young person. It is the product of a collaborative effort by the staff and professionals within the secure estate who have worked with the young person during their time…
The Department for Education has published, The Aycliffe CSE Innovation Project.  The evaluation report is concerned about sexual exploitation and the difficulties of keeping exploited young people safe in the community, which has resulted in more referrals of sexually exploited young women to secure accommodation. The central question being tested by the pilot was: can secure accommodation provide a therapeutic…
Equal Access, Equal Care is a handbook for prison healthcare staff in any health care centre working with people with learning difficulties. The guide should be used as an introduction around the core points to consider when working with people that have diagnosed or suspected learning disabilities.
Summary: A discussion paper concerns with youth custody.     The ‘Transformation’ of Youth Custody: A Discussion Paper, is intended to inform and stimulate debate, it draws on lessons learned from visits to Spain, Finland and the USA - a trip funded by the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust - undertaken in order to understand their approaches to removing children from…
Summary: The Brain Injury Linkworker Service Report provides a comprehensive overview of the Disabilities Trust Foundation’s specialist brain injury Linkworker service and its achievements in supporting children (15-18), young adults (18-21) and adults (21+) in custodial establishments with brain injury. If you would like any further information around the work that the trust does please click here.      
Summary: Concordat on Children in Custody is a recognition of the importance of all agencies working together to ensure that legal duties are met in regards to children     The Concordat on Children in Custody, is a recognition of the importance of all agencies working together to ensure that legal duties are met in regards to children. A diverse…
Summary: A model of service delivery, and five key characteristics for support to achieve sustainable resettlement for children, created by Beyond Youth Custody..     Beyond Youth Custody have published Now all I care about is my future: Supporting the shift (Framework for the effective resettlement of young people leaving custody), which presents a theory of change, a model of…
Summary: HM Inspectorate of Prisons have published analysis of children's experience in Secure Training Centres and Young Offender Institutions   HM Inspectorate of Prisons have published Children in Custody 2016–17, which is an analysis of 12–18-year-olds’ perceptions of their experiences in Secure Training Centres and Young Offender Institutions.
Resettlement in England and Wales: Key Policy and Practice Messages from Research (2012), attached below, summarises the lessons learnt from several evaluations of custody and resettlement initiatives. Published by the Youth Justice Board, it translates the research findings into a list of clear and relevant recommendations to inform current resettlement practice.  The report has also been used more recently by…
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