Education and communication

Education, Training and Employment (ETE) are key positive factors that support desistance. ETE provides access to a range of opportunities for children to help their progress and development. It is essential that youth justice partners work together with all educational establishments.

There is evidence to show that Speech Language and Communication Needs (SLCN) has an impact on the ability of children to effectively communicate their views and feelings. Children with SLCN can give a negative perception of themselves to the agencies that are responsible for their support, sentences and interventions. It is therefore essential for those agencies working with children to have a clear awareness and process to understand and support children’s communication needs.

Children with Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) may face difficulties engaging or progressing in school which make it difficult for them to progress academically. Although the research around school exclusion and offending is not well evidenced, there is an emerging body of evidence that suggests that children that are out of education are at increased risk of becoming involved in the criminal justice system.

This section provides information on support, resources and policies relating to education, including Special Education Needs and Disabilities (SEND) and Speech, Language and Communication Needs (SLCN).

Children Missing Education, Statutory Guidance for local authorities sets out key principles to enable local authorities in England to implement their legal duty under section 436A of the Education Act 1996 to make arrangements to identify, as far as it is possible to do so, children missing education.   This guidance can be used as a non-statutory advice by:  School…
An online training programme called the Youth Justice SEND Bubble, is now available which aims to provide support to young people with special educational needs (SEN) who are in custody and also those at risk of offending. The programme aims to help them achieve better outcomes (well-being, education and employment) and substantially reduce their risk of offending or reoffending. The…
Age: 16-18 Sex: n/a Cost: none   Aims: To improve educational skills and personal attitudes of the young people. To support and enable young people to have a better understanding of what is expected of them in the workplace.     Description: The Step Up Programme is a six-part programme for young people who are NEET (Not in Education, Employment…
KeyRing Living Support Networks are a service which works with vulnerable adults - they have developed a new e-Helpline specifically for people with Learning Disabilities in the criminal justice system. The e-Helpline is for everyone, including criminal justice staff, families, friends or support staff and people with learning disabilities. Keyring have posted some Frequently Asked Questions and Answers on their…
The Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists, has published the Justice Evidence Base Consolidation: 2017 paper. The paper shines a light on the evident disadvantage individuals with SLCN face, as they may lack the requisite skills to fully comprehend situations or to even express themselves clearly and goes on to highlight the impact and benefits of speech and language…
Summary: Co-developed by disabled children, family carers and disability professionals, Disability Matters is a free online learning programme offering a range of modules for professionals in the youth justice system who come into contact with disabled children and young people under the age of 25yrs. Working closely with the Sunderland Youth Offending Team the consortium have now developed a specially…
Summary: Guidance produced by the Department for Education on how to prevent and respond to reports of sexual violence and harassment between children in school and college..     The Department for Education have published; Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Between Children in Schools and Colleges Guidance. The guidance is intended for schools and colleges on how to prevent and…
Summary: Harrow YOT in collaboration with Prospects (Harrow Youth Stop careers service) delivered a multi-agency conference aimed at increasing awareness of positive impact of education for children. Age: n/a Sex: n/a Cost: none     Aim: Increase knowledge and partnership work with educational establishments and other key stakeholders Build new partnerships     Description: Harrow YOT, in collaboration with Prospects…
Exclusion from maintained schools, academies and pupil referral units in England 2017, is guidance setting out what schools and local authorities must do to comply with the law.
SEND Code of Practice: 0 to 25 Years is the statutory code concerning special educational needs and disability (SEND) system for children and young people aged 0 to 25 years of age. It explains the duties of local authorities, health bodies, schools and colleges to provide for those with special educational needs under part 3 of the Children and Families…
School Attendance: Guidance for Schools (2019) is guidance produced by the Department for Education (DFE) for use by; Headteachers Governors All school staff Local authorities Providers of alternative provision (for children who can’t go to a mainstream school) It can also be a useful tool for parents and carers, as it provides information about interventions to address pupils’ poor attendance…
Support for pupils with special educational needs and disabilities in England is a report by the National Audit Office assessing how well pupils with SEND are being supported in schools. They examined: The system for supporting pupils with SEND and the outcomes it is achieving. Funding, spending and financial sustainability. The quality of support and experiences of pupils and parents.
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