Over representation and disproportionality

Addressing the disproportionate representation of children from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups is a priority for the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales. This section includes examples of the work being undertaken by different agencies to address ethnic disproportionality in the youth justice system.

This page provides examples of programmes, interventions, reports, guidance, tools and templates on the work to address overrepresentation of children within the criminal justice system.  Examples have been provided by YOTS and other key partners within the criminal justice system.

The purpose of 'Understanding why looked after children in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent are over represented in the Criminal Justice System' report is to investigate and better understand the local picture of children in care who are involved in offending behaviour to help shape commissioning responses to these challenges, specifically in Staffordshire and Stoke-on-Trent.    This report, commissioned by the Staffordshire…
Summary: The Lammy Review: Final Report, is an independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in the criminal justice system.   The Lammy Review: Final Report, is an independent review into the treatment of, and outcomes for Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic individuals in the criminal justice system. The review recommended that…
Summary: Below are two relevant documents by The Howard League in relation to children in Care Homes.   The Criminal Care: Children’s Homes are Criminalising Children (2016), which provides some data analysis around the number of children in care and the extent of their criminalisation. The Ending the Criminalisation of Children in Residential Care (2017) which is the first of…
Summary: Statistics from data sources across the Criminal Justice System that help to provide a combined perspective on the typical experiences of different ethnic groups.     Race and the Criminal Justice System (2016) compiles statistics from data sources across the Criminal Justice System (CJS), to provide a combined perspective on the typical experiences of different ethnic groups.  
Age: 10-17 Sex: n/a Cost: none     Aimed at: Young people that have taken part in a racially aggravated offence or elements of racial discrimination have been identified during assessment.     Intended Outcomes: To explore the diversity, discrimination and racism. To increase knowledge and understanding of young people of diversity and human migration. To understand the effects of…
Summary: Report by Prison Reform Trust and The Zahid Mubarek Trust looking at prisoner complaints of discrimination.     Tackling Discrimination: Still not a Fair Response is a joint report about prisoner complaints of discrimination between the Prison Reform Trust and The Zahid Mubarek Trust (ZMT).
Children’s Commissioner have published the Stability Index for 2018. The report is an annual measure of the stability of the lives of children in care. It aims to shed a light on the issue of stability, provide data that allows stability to be monitored over time, and ultimately drive improvements in stability for children in care.
Summary:   Power to the People is a one to one intervention programme designed by Cumbria Specialist Youth Service to introduce children to prejudice and discrimination. Age: 10-17 Sex: n/a Cost: n/a     Aims: Introduce childrene to prejudice and discrimination and how attitudes are formed To provide children with an understanding of Equality Law in relation to offending behaviour…
Summary:  Hate2Hate is a one to one intervention programme developed by Cumbria Specialist Youth Support Teams, designed for children that have committed racially motivated offences or have exhibited concerning thinking patters Age: 10-17 Sex: n/a Cost: n/a     Aims:  Introduce childrene to prejudice and discrimination and the relationship they have to hate crime Support children to have an opportunity…
Summary: The purpose of this framework is to co-develop local arrangements to reduce the unnecessary criminalisation of looked-after children and care leavers.     The Department for Education, in partnership with statutory and voluntary sector has published the National Protocol on Reducing Unnecessary Criminalisation of Looked-After Children and Care Leavers to support the work of local authority children’s services, local…
Summary: Sheffield council wide response to working effectively with children and families from the Roma Slovak community Age: n/a Sex: n/a Cost: n/a   Since 2006, Sheffield City Council saw an increase in migration from the Roma Slovak community, which over the last few years has increased. It was recognised that services in Sheffield City Council where underequipped to work…
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