Wider research

Part of YJB’s statutory function is to ‘identify, make known and promote good practice’. This section provides a ‘living’ collection of evidence and research across the wider youth justice landscape. The aim is to disseminate information about the wider evidence base that exists in order to maximise positive outcomes for children who come into contact with the justice system.
It includes specific accessible research relevant to youth justice such as risk factors as well as systematic evidence reviews of specific areas. Links to the latest research in key areas of youth justice are included.

The YJB welcomes new additions to ‘Wider Research’. Please email papers to effectivepractice@yjb.gov.uk along with your rationale for inclusion.

Summary: Link to a paper published by The National Association for Youth Justice (NAYJ) looking at desistence and children in the youth justice. Age: n/a Sex: n/a Cost: n/a  Description of programme/intervention/tool: The National Association for Youth Justice (NAYJ) have published Explaining desistance: looking forward, not backwards paper. This paper seeks to address some of these issues, first providing an…
Summary:  Attached is the link to Loughborough university repot exploring child first justice and evidence base.     Description: Stephen Case and Ann Browning have published their report Child First Justice: the research evidence-base. The report presents the research evidence-base for adopting the ‘Child First’ strategic objective to guide the work of the Youth Justice System of England and Wales.
Summary: Link to the Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse report concerned with sibling sexual abuse.   Description:  The Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse have published their report sibling sexual abuse: A knowledge and practice overview. The report is primarily written for social workers and other professionals involved in safeguarding children, but it may be of interest…
Summary: Attached is the link to the YJB report concerned with ethnic disproportionality for children who are remanded and sentenced.   Description: The ethnic disproportionality in remand and sentencing in the youth justice system report uses two years of the YJB’s case management and assessment data to better understand the extent of ethnic disproportionality in remand and sentencing outcomes (including…
Summary: Briefing on working with children who have experienced trauma in the youth justice system.     This briefing provides information to youth justice practitioners on trauma informed practice. It was produced by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (YJB) in response to requests from practitioners for more information in this area.  This briefing is about trauma-informed practice…
Summary: Link to the trauma informed practice report published by HMIP.   Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Probation (HMIP) as part of their Academic Insight series have published, Trauma Informed Practice report (please note that the link takes you directly to the report) summarises the evidence base around trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences in the lives of people who have committed…
Summary: A series of three briefings on social media by Youth Justice Board.     The Youth Justice Board has produced a series of three briefings on social media, in response to requests from practitioners for more information in this area. The first, entitled The use of the internet and social media by young people provides background and context, focussing…
This briefing provides information to youth justice practitioners on family interventions. It was produced by the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (YJB) in response to requests from practitioners for more information in this area. The briefing starts by reviewing family-based protective factors and then risk factors. It then summarises a number of family and parenting interventions that have…
Summary: A paper around the neglect of girls in care who come into conflict with the law, arguing that a gender-neutral approach in this area risks further marginalising this population.     What do we Know About Girls in the Care and Criminal Justice Systems? Is a paper that examines the limited evidence on females in care who come into…
Summary: An article concerned with the over-representation and mistreatment of care leavers in the Criminal Justice System.     The Neglected Needs of Care Leavers in the Criminal Justice System: Practitioners’ Perspectives and the Persistence of Problem (Corporate) Parenting is an article concerned with the over-representation and mistreatment of care leavers in the Criminal Justice System. It draws upon a…
Summary: This briefing summarises evidence around what prevents youth crime and includes practise examples.     The Prevention briefing attached, looks at what the research evidence tell us about working with children at risk of offending. This is work carried out with children on the cusp of offending, or who have committed a low-level offence and been diverted from the…
Summary: Research examining the impact of children' s speech, language and communication needs on restorative justice interventions.     Children with communication difficulties face problems engaging with Youth Justice Services. This study set out to examine how the speech language and communication needs of children affect the restorative justice process in the context of referral orders. To do this Gabriella…
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