Wider research

Part of YJB’s statutory function is to ‘identify, make known and promote good practice’. This section provides a ‘living’ collection of evidence and research across the wider youth justice landscape. The aim is to disseminate information about the wider evidence base that exists in order to maximise positive outcomes for children who come into contact with the justice system.
It includes specific accessible research relevant to youth justice such as risk factors as well as systematic evidence reviews of specific areas. Links to the latest research in key areas of youth justice are included.

The YJB welcomes new additions to ‘Wider Research’. Please email papers to effectivepractice@yjb.gov.uk along with your rationale for inclusion.

summary: An article exploring social disadvantage and crime with data from PADS+ longitundal study.     In this article, the authors analyze the relationship between social disadvantage and crime, starting from the position that the most persistent offenders come from disadvantaged backgrounds, but most people from disadvantaged backgrounds do not become persistent offenders. The authors argue that despite the fact…
Summary: This briefing gives an overview of available evidence about what can reduce reoffending by children.     This paper gives an overview of available evidence about what can reduce reoffending by children. There have been several positive trends in the Youth Justice System (YJS) in recent years. In particular, fewer children are entering the justice system for the first…
Summary: Research exploring the education provision in Youth Offender Institution from a child's perpective.     Putting Education at the Heart of Custody? The Views of Children on Education in a Young Offender Institution (2015) paper draws on the views of children and young people in a Young Offender Institution (YOI) to explore education provision in the youth secure estate…
Summary: Research exploring what children think help them stop reoffending.     HMI Probation (2011) found that that not enough attention has been given to the planning, delivery, and evaluation of interventions that tackle offending behaviour suggesting that Youth Offending Teams need to access and make more use of information about what works in making interventions more effective and that…
Summary:  A literature review of research on children who display harmful sexual behaviour online publihsed by NSPCC.     The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) have published the the following: A review of the research on children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour online. The report explores and syntheses current research findings regarding:…
Summary: Link to survey results mapping restorative justice provision at each stage of the criminal justice system.     The Restorative Justice Council have published a Mapping exercise of restorative justice provision and in England and Wales 2016, outlining criminal justice agencies and organisations involved in restorative justice provision in England and Wales. The work was supported by the Ministry…
 Summary: Report exploring the existing partnership working between the youth justice sector.     Partnerships between the youth justice and academic sectors are potentially an excellent way of building the evidence base on effective practice in youth justice. The YJB is keen to do all it can to support YOTs, secure establishments and others in developing useful collaborations with the…
Summary: Research into how young men become victims or prepetrators of domestic abuse.     The From Boys to Men Project was funded by the ESRC to explore why some boys become domestic abuse perpetrators when others do not. In so doing, it sought to establish what more could be done to reduce the number of young men who become…
Summary:  This research addresses the relationship between the sport of boxing and men’s desistance from violent crime.     Attached doctoral research addresses the relationship between the sport of boxing and men’s desistance from violent crime. It examines how men make sense of violence as a result of participating in the sport, and how they subsequently rehearse and practice violence…
Summary: Findings and lessons from an evaluation of the piloted Case Level Ethnic Disproportionality Toolkit.     In 2014 and 2015, as part of its work to tackle ethnic disproportionality within the justice system, the Youth Justice Board (YJB) developed and piloted a Case Level Ethnic Disproportionality Toolkit with 20 youth offending teams (YOTs).  The toolkit allowed YOTs to undertake…
Summary: Online resources developed with children with experience of child sexual exploiation.   The charity Basis have produced the online resources Breaking Through – Moving on from child sexual exploitation.  The resources have been developed by Dr Kate Brown (University of York and Chair of Basis Yorkshire), in partnership with children - based on voices and experiences of those who…
Summary:  Link to survey findings in 2015 of those in Wales who sufferred adverse childhood experiences   Public Health Wales have published Adverse Childhood Experiences and their association with chronic disease and health service use in the Welsh adult population. The report says those in Wales who suffered four or more adverse childhood experiences are more than twice as likely…
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