Wider research

Part of YJB’s statutory function is to ‘identify, make known and promote good practice’. This section provides a ‘living’ collection of evidence and research across the wider youth justice landscape. The aim is to disseminate information about the wider evidence base that exists in order to maximise positive outcomes for children who come into contact with the justice system.
It includes specific accessible research relevant to youth justice such as risk factors as well as systematic evidence reviews of specific areas. Links to the latest research in key areas of youth justice are included.

The YJB welcomes new additions to ‘Wider Research’. Please email papers to effectivepractice@yjb.gov.uk along with your rationale for inclusion.

Summary: The Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse have published research which covers the Police perspective on disruption techniques and their effectiveness as well as a review of the existing literature on the subject.      Description: Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse have published Police disruption efforts to disrupt child sexual abuse. The research is presented in…
Summary:  Manchester Metropolitan University are undertaking a study around the impact of COVID-19 on the youth justice and the children.   Description: Manchester Metropolitan University, in partnership with the Alliance for Youth Justice (AYJ) are working on a study concerned with the impact of COVID-19 in youth justice. The study aims to understand the unprecedented implications that the Covid-19 pandemic has…
Summary: Links to Bedfordshire University's literature review and full report concerning the journey of children-looked after into, through and out of custody.    Description: The University of Bedfordshire, in partnership with the South and West Yorkshire Consortium, and utilising the data collected by the Consortium, considered areas for further research with regard to over representation and children looked after. The…
Summary: Research conducted by the university of central Lancashire which explores what children think would support them on their desistence journey.       HMI Probation (2011) found that that not enough attention has been given to the planning, delivery, and evaluation of interventions that tackle offending behaviour suggesting that Youth Offending Teams need to access and make more use…
Summary:  A research report presenting evidence to demonstrate the complexities of childrens’ journies to attend youth justice appoimtments.   Description: Currently, there are gap in knowledge about the context of convicted child's youth justice journey making and its treatment. Youth justice orders can break down as a result of absence. For example, attendance for some youth justice appointments can be…
Summary: Link to survey results mapping restorative justice provision at each stage of the criminal justice system.     The Restorative Justice Council have published a Mapping exercise of restorative justice provision and in England and Wales 2016, outlining criminal justice agencies and organisations involved in restorative justice provision in England and Wales. The work was supported by the Ministry…
summary: An article exploring social disadvantage and crime with data from PADS+ longitundal study.     In this article, the authors analyze the relationship between social disadvantage and crime, starting from the position that the most persistent offenders come from disadvantaged backgrounds, but most people from disadvantaged backgrounds do not become persistent offenders. The authors argue that despite the fact…
Summary:  Attached is an assesment of supporting vivtims of a crime from the victim's commissioner.    The Victims’ Commissioner has published, What works in supporting victims of crime. A rapid evidence assessment. The aim of the assessment is to collate the international evidence on what works in supporting victims and to evaluate the strength of that evidence, as well as…
Summary: Link to document and tables about understanding the educational background, characteristics and needs of children sentenced in 2014.     The Ministry of Justice and Department for Education have published a report that presents initial findings from a major data sharing project to further understand the educational background of young people in the Youth Justice System in 2014. The…
Summary: Research examining the impact of children' s speech, language and communication needs on restorative justice interventions.     Children with communication difficulties face problems engaging with Youth Justice Services. This study set out to examine how the speech language and communication needs of children affect the restorative justice process in the context of referral orders. To do this Gabriella…
Summary: A series of three briefings on social media by Youth Justice Board.   Description: The Youth Justice Board has produced a series of three briefings on social media, in response to requests from practitioners for more information in this area. The first, entitled The use of the internet and social media by young people provides background and context, focussing…
Summary: A paper around the neglect of girls in care who come into conflict with the law, arguing that a gender-neutral approach in this area risks further marginalising this population.     What do we Know About Girls in the Care and Criminal Justice Systems? Is a paper that examines the limited evidence on females in care who come into…
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